Rationalization of Public Road Passenger Transport by Merging Bus Lines on the Example of Zadar County

  • Goran Kos
  • Predrag Brlek
  • Igor Franolić
Keywords: public passenger transport, transport rationalization, consolidation of County and school lines, passenger forecast on routes/lines,


This study consists of the analysis of public passenger transport in Zadar County, that is, transport on the County and school lines and suggestions of transport rationalization. The rationalization comprises the application of the County and school lines integration, as well as suggestions of other measures which aim to reduce transport costs financed by Zadar County. The objectives to rationalize public passenger transport have been defined, all County transport lines of schoolchildren and other passengers have been analysed as well as actual deficiencies in the city, County and school transport needs. Road transport infrastructure, carriers and transportation vehicles have been analysed. The future transport demand has been reviewed and the prediction of passengers on lines has been provided. Within the next five to ten years no relevant changes will take place, meaning that the balance in transport supply and demand will not be disrupted significantly. This study presents the measures for transport cost reduction and increase in the safety level in the performance of public transport.


Arampatzis, G., Kiranoudis, C.T., Scaloubacas, P., Assimacopoulos, D.: A GIS-based decision support system for planning urban transportation policies. European Journal of Operational Research 152, (2004), pp. 465–475

Ben-Elia, E., Ettema, D.: Changing commuters’ behavior using rewards: A study of rush-hour avoidance. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, Volume 14, Issue 5, September 2011, pp. 354–368

Breno Ramos Sampaio, B. R., Neto, O.L., Sampaio, Y.: Efficiency analysis of public transport systems: Lessons for institutional planning. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Vol. 42, Issue 3, March 2008, pp. 445–454

Brojenje prometa na cestama Republike Hrvatske (od 1991. do 2012.) (Traffic Counts on the Roads of the Republic Croatia /from 1991 to 2012/). Hrvatske ceste d.o.o.

Brueckner, J.K., Selod, H.: The political economy of urban transport-system choice. Journal of Public Economics, Volume 90, Issues 6–7, August 2006, pp. 983–1005

Currie, G., Wallis, I: Effective ways to grow urban bus markets – a synthesis of evidence. Journal of Transport Geography, Volume 16, Issue 6, November 2008, pp. 419–429

Ferrari, P.: A model of urban transport management. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. Vol. 33, Issue 1, February 1999, pp. 43–61

Foda, M., Osman, A.: Using GIS for Measuring Transit Stop Accessibility Considering Actual Pedestrian Road Network. Arab Academy for Science & Technology Osman, University of Toronto, Journal of Public Transportation, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2010

Ian W. H. Parry, I.W.H, Bento, A.: Estimating the Welfare Effect of Congestion Taxes: The Critical Importance of Other Distortions within the Transport System. Journal of Urban Economics, Volume 51, Issue 2, March 2002, pp. 339–365

Malić, A.: Prijevozna potražnja u međumjesnom cestovnom putničkom linijskom prometu (Transport Demand in the Intercity Road Passenger transport). Biblioteka Geographia Croatica, Nakladnička kuća “Dr. Feletar”, Koprivnica, AKD, Zagreb 1999

Markovits-Somogyi, R.: Review and Systematization of Efficiency Measurement Methods Used in the Transport Sector. Promet - Traffic&Transportation, Vol. 23, No. 1, 2011, pp. 39-47

Pravilnik o autobusnim stajalištima (Regulations on the bus stops) (119/07).

Pravilnik o načinu provođenja, rokovima i mjerilima za obavljanje linijskog prijevoza putnika temeljem javnog poziva (Regulations on the implementation, deadlines and benchmarks for the performance of passenger transport services on the basis of public calls) (11/07)

Pravilnik o posebnim uvjetima za vozila kojima se obavlja javni cestovni prijevoz i prijevoz za vlastite potrebe (Regulations on special conditions for the vehicles which perform public transport and road transport on own account) (NN 111/03, NN 148/03, 102/07)

Reinhold,T: More Passengers and Reduced Costs—The Optimization of the Berlin Public Transport Network. Journal of Public Transportation, Center for Urban Transportation Research University of South Florida Vol. 11, No. 3, 2008

Rodríguez, D.A., Chapel Hill, C., Ardila, A.: An Empirical Exploration Of Bus Travel Times and Dwell Times in a Highly Competitive Exclusive Busway. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Journal of Public Transportation, Volume 5, No. 1, 2002

Sever, D.: Development of the traffic system, mountain regions and tourism. Suvremeni promet, god. 23, No. 3/4, 2003, pp. 236-240

Statistički ljetopis (Statistical Yearbook) 2011. Republic of Croatia, State Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, October 2011

Vuchic, V.: Transport Systems And Policies For Sustainable Cities. Thermal Science: Vol. 12, No. 4, 2008, pp. 7-17.

White Paper: Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resourceefficient transport system. European Commission, 2011

Zakon o prijevozu u cestovnom prometu (Law on Road Transport) (NN 178/04, 48/05, 151/05 111/06).

Zakon o sigurnosti prometa na cestama (Law on Road Traffic Safety) (NN 105/04, NN142/06 NN 67/2008).

Županović, D., Anžek, M., Kos, G.: Optimisation of Signal-Controlled Intersection Capacity. Promet - Traffic & Transportation, Vol. 22, No. 6, Zagreb, 2010, pp. 419-431

How to Cite
Kos G, Brlek P, Franolić I. Rationalization of Public Road Passenger Transport by Merging Bus Lines on the Example of Zadar County. PROMET [Internet]. 1 [cited 2019Aug.19];24(4):323-34. Available from: http://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/439
Older issues