Human Factors in Marine Casualties

  • Jelenko Švetak
Keywords: marine accident, human factor, organizational factor, attention, memory


Human factors play an important role in the origin of accidents,and it is commonly claimed that between seventy andninety-five percent of industrial and transport accidents involvehuman factors, see Figure 1.Some authorities, however, claim that ultimately, all accidentsinvolve human factors.


The International Convention on Standards of Training,

Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers,

, as amended in 1995, Chapter VIII. Section


NUMAST (1997). Give Us a Break. A report on theresults

of a survey of the hours of work undertaken by

members of NUMAST 1997

STCW Convention. Regulation VIII/1

Incidents At Sea No. 63 (1994). Departmental Investigation

into the structural damage sustained by the

tanker Osco Star at the port of Kwinana, W.A on 19

January 1994, MIIU.

Incidents At Sea No. 66 (1994). Departmental Investigation

into the sinking of the off-shore supply vessel

Boa Foirce on Saladin No. 3 wellhead off Thevenard

Island, Western Australia on 24 February 1994, MIIU.

Incidents At Sea No. 79 (1995). Departmental Investigation

into the grounding of the German flag container

ship Carola on South Ledge Reef on 30 March 1998.


Incidents At Sea No. 82 (1995). Departmental Investigation

into the grounding of the Danish Oag ship

Svendborg Guardian south of Murdering Point,

QueeOnsland on 24 June 1998, MIIU.

Incidents At Sea No. 95 (1997). Departmental Investigation

into the grounding of the Panamanian flag

refrigerated cargo vessel Peacock on Piper Reef, in the

Great Barrier Reef, on 18 July 1996. MIIU.

Incidents At Sea No. 116 (1998). Departmental Investigation

into the collision between the fishing vessel

Exterminator and the Liberian tanker Unisina off the

south coast of NSW on 25 April 1997, MIIU.

Lloyd's List, page 3, September 4, 1997

Sirois,W., (1995) Alertness Assurance:The Key toReducing

Fatigue and Human Error in the Marine Industry.

American Petroleum Institute and the United States

Coastguard. Prevention Through People Seminar.

Sheetz, D.(1996) presentation at the 6'h meeting of the

Marine Accident Investigators' International Forum,

New York, June 1996.

Lloyd's List. May 30, 1996, page 8.

How to Cite
Švetak J. Human Factors in Marine Casualties. Promet [Internet]. 1 [cited 2024Mar.3];14(3):103-10. Available from:
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