Capabilities of a Periodic Containerised Railfreight System in Germany

  • Kilian J. Saenger Erfurt University of Applied Sciences
  • Timo Simon DB Engineering & Consulting GmbH
  • Florian Heinitz Erfurt University of Applied Sciences
Keywords: rail freight transport, integrated periodic timetable, combined transport, freight transport demand modelling, periodic freight rail path, Germany

Abstract

Based on an analysis of the developments to date, this article originates from and then substantiates long-discussed approaches of a fast, periodic unaccompanied combined rail freight transport network for Germany that corresponds to the target modal split. A four-stage scenario of a market entry is developed. The presented solution incorporates potentially novel aspects such as a network design based on the Deutschlandtakt Cargo integrated periodic timetable framework, the prospective quantity structures as of 2030, and a segmentation for a route-specific mix of two major shipping container types. The set of assessment indicators derived by the model allows to gain insights on the achievable capacities and service levels versus the addressable freight transport demand as well as consequential cost/benefit functions.

References

Allianz pro Schiene. [Market shares: The freight railways' road to success is slowing down]. Marktanteile – Der Erfolgskurs der Güterbahnen gerät ins Stocken; 2020. German. Available from: https://www.allianz-pro-schiene.de/themen/gueterverkehr/marktanteile/ [Accessed 30th June 2021].

Eurostat. Freight transport statistics - modal split; 2021. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Freight_transport_statistics_-_modal_split [Accessed 30th June 2021].

IRG-RAIL. Fifth Annual Market Monitoring Report; 2017. p. 44.

Eurotransport. [First train departure at the Lehrte megahub]. Erste Zugabfahrt im Megahub Lehrte; 2020. German. Available from: https://www.eurotransport.de/artikel/kombinierter-verkehr-in-neuen-dimensionen-erste-zugabfahrt-im-megahub-lehrte-11163178.html [Accessed 30th June 2021].

Islam DMZ, Ricci S, Nelldal BL. How to make modal shift from road to rail possible in the European transport market, as aspired to in the EU Transport White Paper 2011. European Transport Research Review. 2016;8: 18. DOI: 10.1007/s12544-016-0204-x

Mittal T, Kuriakose PN. Intermodality - towards enhancing rail freight transportation prospects. In: Mitra S, Bandyopadhyay S, Roy S, Ponce Dentinho T. (eds.) Railway Transportation in South Asia. Contemporary South Asian Studies. Heidelberg: Springer; 2021.

Gudelj A, Krčum M, Twrdy E. Models and methods for operations in port container terminals. Promet – Traffic&Transportation. 2012;22(1): 43-1. DOI: 10.7307/ptt.v22i1.163

Yan B, et al. Integrated planning of train schedule template and container transshipment operation in seaport railway terminals. Transportation Research Part E. 2020;142: 102061. DOI: 10.1016/j.tre.2020.102061

Woodburn A. An analysis of rail freight operational efficiency and mode share in the British port-hinterland container market. Transportation Research D. 2017;51: 190-202. DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2017.01.002

Troche G. High-speed rail freight sub-report. In: Efficient train systems for freight transport. Stockholm: KTH Centre for Railway Technology; 2005.

Abramović B, Zitricky V, Biškup V. Organisation of railway freight transport: Case study CIM/SMGS between Slovakia and Ukraine. European Transport Research Review. 2016;8(27). DOI: 10.1007/s12544-016-0215-7

Smoliner M. System train paths as key to efficient infrastructure usage for on-track competition in ITF-regimes. Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management. 2019;12: 100147.

Drábek M, Janoš V. Construction of differentiated periodic freight train paths in dense mixed traffic. Sustainability. 2021;13: 8330. DOI: 10.3390/su13158330

Eurostat. Road Freight Transport Statistics. 2021. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Road_freight_transport_statistics

DB Netz. [European Rail Freight Corridors]. Europäische Güterverkehrskorridore; 2020. German. Available from: https://fahrweg.dbnetze.com/fahrweg-de/kunden/international/europ_korridore/europ_korridore_allg-1393158. [Accessed 30th June 2021].

Gašparík J, Abramovic B, Zitrický V. Research on dependences of railway infrastruc-ture capacity. Tehnički vjesnik. 2018;25(4): 1190-1195. DOI: 10.17559/TV-20160917192247

Spang K. [Project management of transport infrastructure projects]. Projektmanagement von Verkehrsinfrastrukturprojekten. Berlin: Springer; 2016. p. 355. German.

Gleißner H, Femerling G. [Compact Edition: Transport, Elements - Management - Markets]. Kompakt Edition: Transport, Elemente - Management - Märkte. Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag; 2016. p. 82. German.

Janßen H. [Bottlenecks in logistics: problems, factors, effects]. Engpässe in der Logistik: Probleme, Faktoren, Auswirkungen. Thesis. Bremen University; 2015. p. 7-8. German.

BMVI. [Target timetable Germany – 3rd expert draft Freight traffic north/south]. Zielfahrplan Deutschland 3. Gutachterentwurf Güterverkehr Nord/Süd. 2020. German. Available from: https://assets.ctfassets.net/scbs508bajse/17cfuH7tnFsRmdKXkCT3ah/5d0e96777d5cc45ff9341f1ef8d366e1/Netzgrafik_3._Entwurf_SGV_Nord.pdf [Accessed 30th June 2021].

Fuchs K. [Non-discriminatory access to rail infrastructure in Germany]. Diskriminierungsfreier Zugang zur Eisenbahninfrastruktur in Deutschland. Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag; 2014. p.73. German.

DB Netz. [Rail Network Terms of Use of DB Netz AG 2020]. Schienennetz-Benutzungsbedingungen der DB Netz AG 2020. 2019. German. Available from: https://fahrweg.dbnetze.com/resource/blob/2872178/111912f79b2ed7e235e74871a3ca5742/snb_2020-data.pdf [Accessed 30th June 2021].

Clausen U, et al. [Integrated measures for a modal shift from road to combined and rail transport]. Integrierte Maßnahmen zur Verlagerung von Straßengüterverkehren auf den Kombinierten Verkehr und den Schienengüterverkehr. Fraunhofer Institut für Materialfluss und Logistik, Dortmund, 2019. German.

Rochlitz KH. [Eight years of railway regulation the Federal Network Agency and competition on the railways]. Acht Jahre Eisenbahnregulierung. Die Bundesnetzagentur und der Wettbewerb auf der Schiene. 2014. p. 51. German.

Fendrich L, Fengler W. [Railroad Infrastructure Manual]. Handbuch Eisenbahninfrastruktur. 3rd ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Vieweg; 2019. p. 40. German.

Islam D, Zunder T. Experiences of rail intermodal freight transport for low-density high value (LDHV) goods in Europe. European Transport Research Review. 2018;10: 24. DOI: 10.1186/s12544-018-0295-7

[KV-Terminal in Bad Hersfeld] KV-Terminal in Bad Hersfeld?. Eisenbahn-Revue International. 2021;1(10). German.

Koch J. [The Development of Combined Transport]. Die Entwicklung des Kombinierten Verkehrs. Wiesbaden: Dt. Universitätsverlag; 1997. p. 106. German.

Moreno García-Loygorri J, et al. Communication Technologies for Vehicles; 2018. p. 82.

Blom F, Harlander NA. [Logistics Management. The Development of Integrated Logistics Chains in Theory and Practice]. Logistik-Management. Der Aufbau ganzheitlicher Logistikketten in Theorie und Praxis. 2nd ed. Renningen-M.: expert Verlag; 2003. p. 108. German.

BMVI. [Operational limit parameters for freight trains]. Betriebstechnische Grenzparameter für Güterzüge; 2010. German. Available from: https://www.forschungsinformationssystem.de/servlet/is/324625/ [Accessed 30th June 2021].

Oelfke, D. [Freight Forwarding and Logistics]. Speditionsbetriebslehre und Logistik. 20th ed. Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag; 2008. p. 93. German.

Bundesrepublik Deutschland [One timetable for the whole country]. Ein Fahrplan für das ganze Land. 2020. Available from: https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/aktuelles/faq-deutschlandtakt-1826244. German [Accessed 30th June 2021]. German.

BMVI. [Final report on the target timetable for Germany basic principles, conceptual design and economic evaluation]. 2021. German.

Thiel HC, Menzel C. Smart Cargo Station; 2019. German. Available from: https://www-docs.b-tu.de/fg-eisenbahn/public/EI_1_2019_Menzel_Thiel.pdf [Accessed 30th June 2021].

Innovatrain. [Lean handling technology] Schlanke Umschlagstechnik; 2021. German. Available from: http://www.innovatrain.ch/de/containermover/

Studiengesellschaft für den kombinierten Verkehr. Intermodal Map Worldwide Map for Infrastructure of combined traffic; 2021. Available from: https://www.intermodal-map.com [Accessed 30th June 2021].

Kortschak B. CARGO NET. In: Nuzzolo A, Cappola P. (eds.) Limiti e Prospettive di Sviluppo des Transporto Ferroviario delle Merci, Proc. XII conbetno nationale e Seminario 2004 di Società Italiana dei Docenti di Transporti, Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienzia, Milan; 2006. p. 185-203.

Busche H, Weigand W. [Swiftly and interconnected across Germany and Europe. Deutschlandtakt Cargo – An economic stimulus package towards a sustainable freight train system]. Güter zügig und vernetzt durch Deutschland und Europa. Deutschlandtakt Cargo - Konjunkturpaket für ein nachhaltiges Güterzugsystem; 2020. German.

Winkler C, Mocanu T. Impact of political measures on passenger and freight transport demand in Germany. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2020;87: 102476. DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2020.102476

Greenbrier Europe. [Sggmrss 90´ 6-axle articulated container transport car]; 2021. German. Available from: https://www.greenbrier-europe.com/de/produkte/product/sggmrss-90/. [Accessed 30th June 2021].

VTG. [Container Wagon Sggns (s) 80 ‘| I41.080D]. 2021. German. Available from: https://www.vtg.de/waggonvermietung/unsere-flotte/i41080d/ [Accessed 30th June 2021].

VTG. [Container Wagon Sggmrs(s) 90’ | I71.090D]. 2021. German. Available from: https://www.vtg.de/waggonvermietung/unsere-flotte/i71090d/ [Accessed 30th June 2021].

Winkler C, Kröger L, Nordenholz F, Lobig A. [Potential for modal shift to rail transport in Germany taking into account infrastructural issues and restrictions]; 2011. German. Available from: https://www.bmvi.de/SharedDocs/DE/Anlage/G/MKS/studie-verlagerungspotenzial-schienenverkehr-restriktionen.html [Accessed 30th June 2021].

Commission of the European Communities. Handbook on the external costs of transport V1.1. DG VII; 2019.

Commission of the European Communities. Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy – Putting European transport on track for the future. Commission Staff Working Documents 789, 2020.

Müller S, Liedtke G, Lobig A. [Drivers and Barriers for Rail Freight Innovations]. Treiber und Barrieren für Innovationen im Schienengüterverkehr. Proceedings of the Conference Verkehrsökonomik und -politik. Berlin; 2016. German.

Nordrhein-Westfalen. [More goods by rail: NRW State supports MULTI HUB WESTFALEN for climate-friendly rail logistics]. 2021. German. Available from: https://www.land.nrw/de/pressemitteilung/mehr-gueter-auf-die-schiene-land-unterstuetzt-multi-hub-westfalen-fuer [Accessed 7th October 2021].

Deutsche Bahn AG. [Testing of automated freight trains picks up speed]. 2021. German. Available from: https://www.deutschebahn.com/de/presse/pressestart_zentrales_uebersicht/Erprobung-automatisierter-Gueterzuege-nimmt-Fahrt-auf-6554858 [Accessed 7th October 2021].

Published
2021-12-13
How to Cite
1.
Saenger KJ, Simon T, Heinitz F. Capabilities of a Periodic Containerised Railfreight System in Germany. Promet [Internet]. 2021Dec.13 [cited 2022Jul.7];33(6):807-20. Available from: https://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/3939
Section
Articles