Current Challenges for the Postal Services Sector in the Context of E-Commerce – Predictive Analysis of V4 States
The article’s focus is on the postal services sector. The sector plays an important role in a process of delivering packages to the customers. Over the last few years, there has been a significant growth in volume of shipments transported. The aim of the article is to demonstrate the current development and subsequent prediction of two selected indicators that play an important role in the context of e-commerce development in the V4 states. One of the indicators is the number of shipments; the other is the indicator of CO2 emissions. While the values of the CO2 emission in the predictive analysis in comparison with the growing e-commerce turnover indicator stagnate, the number of shipments is growing alongside the e-commerce turnover values. In the light of these findings, it is clear that the growing number of shipments will result in the need to change the approach to the organisation of the parcel delivery process, especially in big cities and agglomerations. It is also necessary to mention that organisational changes in the parcel delivery process in big cities and agglomerations must be carried out in an environmentally friendly way.
Ding X, Chang D. Optimization analysis on E-commerce system of the SF. International Conference on Logistics, Informatics and Service Science (LISS), 27-29 July 2015, Barcelona, Spain. IEEE; 2015. DOI: 10.1109/LISS.2015.7369799
Eurostat. E-commerce accounted for 12% of enterprises' turnover in the EU in 2008. Eurostat news release – Information and Communication Technologies. January 19 2010. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-euro-indicators/-/4-19012010-bp [Accessed 21th Apr. 2021].
Skowron-Grabowska B, Sukiennik KS. Development of courier companies as for the e-commerce market service. Advanced Logistic Systems. 2016;10 (91-97): 1789-2198. Available from: http://web.alt.uni-miskolc.hu/als/cikkek/2016/ALS10_No2_p91_97_Skowron_Sukiennik_Szczepanik.pdf [Accessed 21th Apr. 2021].
Cheng G, Guo D, Shi J, Qin Y. Planning City-Wide Package Distribution Using Crowdsourced Public Transportation Systems. IEEE Access. 2019;7: 1234-1246. DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2885081
Brdulak H. (ed.) Logistics of the future. Warszawa: Polskie Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne; 2012. Polish.
Nowakowska-Grunt J, Wiśniewska A. Application of the Systems of Electronic Warehouse Management Support. In: Nowicka-Skowron M, Lescroart R. (eds.) Enterprise, Logistics and Innovations in Knowledge Based Economy. Arlon: La Haute Ecole; 2008.
Majewski P. Czas na e-biznes. Gliwice: Helion; 2007.
Moagăr-Poladian S, Dumitrescu GC, Tănase IA. Retail e-Commerce (E-tail) – evolution, characteristics and perspectives in China, the USA and Europe. Global Economic Observer. 2017;5(1): 167-178.
European Commission. EU postal legislation, implementation and enforcement; 2019. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/growth/sectors/postal-services/legislation_en [Accessed 25th Apr 2021].
Statista. Last mile logistics worldwide – Statistics & Facts; 2020. Available from: https://www.statista.com/topics/4383/last-mile-delivery/ [Accessed 26th Apr 2021].
Madleňák R, Madleňáková L, Štefunko J, Keil R. Multiple approaches of solving allocation problems on postal transportation network in conditions of large countries. Transport and Telecommunication Journal. 2016;17(3): 222-230. DOI: 10.1515/ttj-2016-0020
European Commission. EC Staff Working Document. The Implementation of the 2011 White Paper on Transport "Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area—Towards a Competitive and Resource-Efficient Transport System" Five Years after Its Publication: Achievements and Challenges; 2016. Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/ transparency/regdoc/rep/10102/2016/EN/10102-2016-226-EN-F1-1.PDF [Accessed 26th Apr 2021].
United Nations. World Urbanization Prospects; 2014. Available from: https://population.un.org/wup/publications/files/wup2014-highlights.pdf [Accessed 29th Apr 2021].
European Commission. External Costs - Research results on socio-environmental damages due to electricity and transport; 2003. Available from: http://www.externe.info/externe_2006/externpr.pdf [Accessed 29th Apr 2021].
Friedrich R, Bickel P. (eds.) Environmental External Costs of Transport. Berlin/Heidelberg, Germany: Springer; 2001.
CE Delft. External Costs of Transport in Europe; 2011.
PBL Netherlands environmental assessment agency. Trends in Global CO2 Emissions: 2016 Report. Available from: https://www.pbl.nl/en/publications/trends-in-global-co2-emissions-2016-report [Accessed 5th May 2021].
Edwards JB, Mckinnon A, Cullinan SL. Comparative analysis of the carbon footprints of conventional and online retailing: A "last mile" perspective. International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management. 2010;40(1/2): 103-123. DOI: 10.1108/09600031011018055
Hidayatno A, Destyanto AR, Fadhil M. Model conceptualization on E-Commerce growth impact to emissions generated from urban logistics transportation: A case study of Jakarta. Energy Procedia. 2019;156: 144-148. DOI: 10.1016/j.egypro.2018.11.119
Lumite M, Postránecký M, et al. Cities of the future. Prague: Nadatur; 2018.
Ecommerce Foundation. European Ecommerce Report 2019. Available from: https://www.ecommercefoundation.org/shop/product/european-ecommerce-report-2019-176 [Accessed 8th May 2021].
Slovak Association for E-commerce. Annual report 2020; 2021.
Universal Postal Union. Global or regional estimates 2019. Available from: https://www.upu.int/en/Home [Accessed 10th May 2021].
Eurostat. Air emissions accounts; 2021. Available from: Statistics | Eurostat (europa.eu) [Accessed 11th May 2021].
Kunesova H, Micik M. Developing Composite Readiness and Intensity Indices for Measuring B2C E-commerce in the European Union. Transformations in Business and Economics. 2019;18(1): 44-59. Available from: http://www.transformations.knf.vu.lt/46/rp46.pdf [Accessed 15th May 2021].
Ferrucci F, Bock S. Real-time control of express pickup and delivery processes in a dynamic environment. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 2014;63: 1-14. DOI: 10.1016/j.trb.2014.02.001
Kauf S. City logistics – A strategic element of sustainable urban development. Transportation Research Procedia. 2016;16: 158-164. DOI: 10.1016/j.trpro.2016.11.016
Aifandapoulou G, Elpida X. City logistics – A strategic element of sustainable urban logistics planning. European Platform on Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans. Brussels: European Commission; 2019. Available from: https://www.eltis.org [Accessed 23th Aug 2021].
Foltyński M. Deliverable D2.1 – Sustainable logistics and freight operation in small/midsize historic towns: Review and assessment of the European situation. ENCLOSE Project - IEE/11/826/SI2.615930; 2012. Available from: http://www.enclose.eu/upload_en/file/deliverables/ENCLOSE%20D2.1%20final_disclaimer.pdf [Accessed 23th Aug 2021].
Lazarević D, Švadlenka L, Radojičić V, Dobrodolac M. New express delivery service and its impact on CO2 emissions. Sustainability. 2020;12(2): 1-29. DOI: 10.3390/su12020456
Verlinde S, Macharis C, Lauriane M, Kin B. Does a mobile depot make urban deliveries faster, more sustainable and more economically viable: Results of a pilot test in Brussels. Transportation Research Procedia. 2014;4: 361-373. DOI: 10.1016/j.trpro.2014.11.027
COVID-19 and e-commerce: A global review. New York: United Nations Publications; 2021.
Abdelrhim M, Elsayed A. The effect of COVID-19 spread on the e-commerce market: The case of the 5 largest e-commerce companies in the world. SSRN Electronic Journal. 2020: 1556-5068. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.3621166
Settey T, et al. The growth of e-commerce due to COVID-19 and the need for urban logistics centers using electric vehicles: Bratislava case study. Sustainability. 2021;13(10): 5357. DOI: 10.3390/su13105357
Copyright (c) 2021 Michaela Novotná, Dalibor Gottwald
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).