Influence of Brake Pad Properties to Braking Characteristics

  • Dalibor VIDERŠČAK Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb
  • Zdravko SCHAUPERL Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb
  • Krunoslav ORMUŽ Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb
  • Sanja ŠOLIĆ University North, Department of Mechanical Engineering
  • Mladen NIKŠIĆ Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences, University of Zagreb
  • Diana MILČIĆ Faculty of Graphic Arts, University of Zagreb
  • Pavao ORMUŽ Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb
Keywords: automobile, brake pads, stopping distance, deceleration, friction coefficient, composition, field testing

Abstract

In this research, field and laboratory testing of three commercially available brake pads with the lowest, mid-dle, and highest price were performed. Complex field testing, where brake pads were tested in real extreme conditions on a loaded van vehicle and laboratory tests were performed. The field testing intended to investigate the temperatures that occur during the braking process and to determine the stopping distance, deceleration, and stopping time separately on the type of brake pads. Labo-ratory tests included the determination of the friction co-efficient according to ASTM G77, the structure of brake pad surfaces before and after the testing, and quantitative chemical analysis of brake pads. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of brake pad temperature on braking time depending on their purchase prices. The obtained results show a significant difference between the temperature, friction coefficient, chemical composi-tion, and braking time of the brake pads and their price.

References

Ormuž P. Characterization of brake lining material. Mas-ter thesis. University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture; 2019.

Balaji NSAC, Ramachandran B, Naga AG. Design and analysis of disk rotor brake under tribological behaviour of materials. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2020;33 Part 7): 4298–4310. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2020.07.438.

Nandhakumar S, Edwin SW, Shunmughanaathan VK. Experimental analysis of aluminium matrix composite material for braking application. Materials Today: Pro-ceedings. 2021;37(Part 2): 2517–2520. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2020.08.375.

Thendral SP, et al. Experimental investigation on the fric-tional wear behaviour of TiAlN coated brake pads. Materi-als Today: Proceedings. 2021;37(Part 2): 2419–2426. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2020.08.272.

Seo H, et al. Effect of disc material on particulate mat-ter emissions during high-temperature braking. Tribolo-gy International. 2021;154: 106713. doi: 10.1016/j.tri-boint.2020.106713.

Kumar S, Ghosh, SK. Porosity and tribological per-formance analysis on new developed metal matrix composite for brake pad materials. Journal of Manu-facturing Processes. 2020;59: 186–204. doi: 10.1016/j.jmapro.2020.09.053.

Suxia Z, Zihao G, Bai X. Fatigue fracture analysis of brake disc bolts under continuous braking condition. Engineer-ing Failure Analysis. 2020;115: 104588. doi: 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2020.104588.

Ma X, et al. Comparison of braking behaviors between iron- and copper-based powder metallurgy brake pads that used for C/C–SiC disc. Tribology International. 2021;154: 106686. doi: 10.1016/j.triboint.2020.106686.

Venkatesh S, Murugapoopathiraja K. Scoping review of brake friction material for automotive. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2019;16: 927–933. doi: 10.1016/j.mat-pr.2019.05.178.

Day A. Braking of Road Vehicles. Butterworth-Heine-mann; 2014. p. 35–65. doi: 10.1016/b978-0-12-397314-6.00003-6.

Rashid A. Overview of disc brakes and related phenomena – A review. International Journal of Vehicle Noise and Vi-bration. 2014;10(4): 257. doi:10.1504/ijvnv.2014.065634.

Shiva SP. A review on properties of conventional and met-al matrix composite materials in manufacturing of disc brake. Materials Today: Proceedings. 2018;5(2): 5864–5869. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2017.12.184.

Hatam A, Khalkhali A. Simulation and sensitivity anal-ysis of wear on the automotive brake pad. Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory. 2018;84: 106–123. doi: 10.1016/j.simpat.2018.01.009.

Arman M, Singhal S, Chopra P, Sarkar M. A review on material and wear analysis of automotive break pad. Mate-rials Today: Proceedings. 2018;5(14): 28305–28312. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2018.10.114.

Laguna-Camacho JR, et al. A study of the wear mecha-nisms of disk and shoe brake pads. Engineering Failure Analysis. 2015;56: 348–359. doi: 10.1016/j.engfaila-nal.2015.01.004.

Xiao X, et al. Review on the friction and wear of brake ma-terials. Advances in Mechanical Engineering. 2016;8(5). doi: 10.1177/1687814016647300.

Chandra VP, et al. Braking pad-disc system: Wear mecha-nisms and formation of wear fragments. Wear. 2015;322–323: 251–258. doi: 10.1016/j.wear.2014.11.019.

Zhang P, et al. Effect of carbon fiber on the braking erformance of copper-based brake pad under continuous high-energy braking conditions. Wear. 2020;458–459: 203408. doi: 10.1016/j.wear.2020.203408.

Jadhav SP, Sawant SH. A review paper: Development of novel friction material for vehicle brake pad application to minimize environmental and health issues. Materi-als Today: Proceedings. 2019;19(Part 2): 209–212. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2019.06.703.

Nagesh SN, Siddaraju C, Prakash SV, Ramesh MR. Characterization of brake pads by variation in compo-sition of friction materials. Procedia Materials Science. 2014;5: 295–302. doi: 10.1016/j.mspro.2014.07.270.

Sallit I, Richard C, Adam R, Robbe-Valloire F. Character-ization methodology of a tribological couple. Materials Characterization. 1998;40(3): 169–188. doi: 10.1016/s1044-5803(98)00007-2.

Matijević B, Grilec K, Rede V, Haramina T. Materials 2, Exercise mats. Zagreb, Croatia: University of Za-greb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture; 2020. https://www.fsb.unizg.hr/usb_fron-tend/files/1614613017-0-materijali2_podloge_za_vjez-be_2020_21.pdf [Accessed 3th May 2021].

Published
2022-02-18
How to Cite
1.
VIDERŠČAK D, SCHAUPERL Z, ORMUŽ K, ŠOLIĆ S, NIKŠIĆ M, MILČIĆ D, ORMUŽ P. Influence of Brake Pad Properties to Braking Characteristics. Promet [Internet]. 2022Feb.18 [cited 2022Aug.11];34(1):91-102. Available from: https://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/3846
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)