Modelling of Driver and Pedestrian Behaviour – A Historical Review

  • Karlo Babojelić University of Zagreb, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences
  • Luka Novačko University of Zagreb, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences
Keywords: driver and pedestrian behaviour models, car-following, lane-changing, calibration


Driver and pedestrian behaviour significantly affect the safety and the flow of traffic at the microscopic and macroscopic levels. The driver behaviour models describe the driver decisions made in different traffic flow conditions. Modelling the pedestrian behaviour plays an essential role in the analysis of pedestrian flows in the areas such as public transit terminals, pedestrian zones, evacuations, etc. Driver behaviour models, integrated into simulation tools, can be divided into car-following models and lane-changing models. The simulation tools are used to replicate traffic flows and infer certain regularities. Particular model parameters must be appropriately calibrated to approximate the realistic traffic flow conditions. This paper describes the existing car-following models, lane-changing models, and pedestrian behaviour models. Further, it underlines the importance of calibrating the parameters of microsimulation models to replicate realistic traffic flow conditions and sets the guidelines for future research related to the development of new models and the improvement of the existing ones.


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How to Cite
Babojelić K, Novačko L. Modelling of Driver and Pedestrian Behaviour – A Historical Review. Promet [Internet]. 2020Oct.5 [cited 2022May29];32(5):727-45. Available from: