Simulation and Optimization of Pedestrian Regular Evacuation in Comprehensive Rail Transit Hub – A Case Study in Beijing
Extensive efforts have been made in pedestrian evacuation of urban rail transit systems, since there has emerged an increasing number of congestion problems. However, few studies focus on the comprehensive urban rail transit hubs. As a comprehensive interchange hub integrating urban railway and intercity railway lines, Beijing West Railway Station was taken as a case study object. The pedestrian evacuation characteristics were analysed first. Then, a social force-based simulation model of Beijing West Railway Station was constructed in PTV Viswalk. The model was applied to visually display a real evacuation process and help identify evacuation bottlenecks. The results showed that the risk points at different facilities had various causes and features. Furthermore, the simulation model could also be used to evaluate the effectiveness of different optimization measures as long as certain model parameters were changed beforehand.
Li J, Zhang JH. [Path-based network flow control emergency evacuation model and algorithm]. Journal of Natural Disasters. 2012;(6): 9-18.
Yu WJ, Chen R, Dong LY, et al. Centrifugal force model for pedestrian dynamics. Physical Review E. 2005;72(2): 026-032.
Xu Y, Huang HJ. Simulation of exit choosing in pedestrian evacuation with consideration of the direction visual field. Physical A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications. 2012;391(4): 991-1000.
Guo RY, Huang HJ. Theoretical analysis and simulation of pedestrian evacuation under invisible conditions. Simulation. 2012;88(9): 1138-1148.
Guo RY, Huang HJ, Wong SC. Route Choice in Pedestrian Evacuation under Conditions of Good and Zero Visibility: Experimental and Simulation Results. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 2012;46(6): 669-686.
Yue H, Hao HR, Chen XM, et al. Simulation of pedestrian flow on square lattice based on cellular automata model. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications. 2007;384(2): 567-588.
Muramatsu M, Irie T, Nagatani T. Jamming transition in pedestrian counter flow. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics & Its Applications. 1999;267(S3-4): 487-498.
Muramatsu M, Nagatani T. Jamming transition in two-dimensional pedestrian traffic. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics & Its Applications. 2000;275(1-2): 281-291.
Helbing D, Molnár P. Social force model for pedestrian dynamics. Physical Review E Statistical Physics Plasmas
Fluids & Related Interdisciplinary Topics. 1995;51(5): 4282.
Hoogendoorn SP, Daamen W. Microscopic calibration and validation of pedestrian models: Cross-comparison of models using experimental data. In: Schadschneider A, Pöschel T, Kühne R, Schreckenberg M, Wolf DE. (eds.) Traffic and Granular Flow’05. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 329-340.
Zhang HL. [Study on the Simulation and Evaluation of Passenger Access Levels for Service in MTR Station]. Graduate thesis. Beijing Jiaotong University; 2011.
National Research Council (NRC). Highway Capacity Manual 2000. Washington, D.C; 2000.
Copyright (c) 2020 Qiaochu Chen, Yan Bai, Nan Zheng
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).