• Aleksandar Nikolic Maritime Faculty – Kotor, University of Montenegro
  • Emilija Nikolic Faculty of Applied Physiotherapy – Igalo University of Montenegro
Keywords: noise, sailor health, hearing loss, navigation safety,


Environmental and occupational noise is common nuisance that affects the health of employees. Performed health checks of employees engaged by Company “Pomorski Saobraćaj” showed that 5% of examined sailors had hearing loss. The results were a trigger for starting experiment on noise risk assessment with objective to discover possibilities of noise pollution presence, precise significant noise sources and describe solutions for eliminating negative effects.

Several measurements on five positions were performed on ferry boat “KAMENARI”, according to EC Physical Agents Directive and Merchant Shipping and Fishing Vessels Regulations 2007.

Noise on selected positions exceeded the limit for about 1-5dB. Noise exposure level was 84.5dB. Diesel engine, exhaust system and structural noise were main sources of excessive noise.

Experiment shows noise presence as nuisance that affects sailors. Noise presents a serious threat for sailor’s health. It interferes with crew communication and jeopardizes navigation safety. Technical measures, crew health checks and noise monitoring could prevent all negative effects.

Author Biographies

Aleksandar Nikolic, Maritime Faculty – Kotor, University of Montenegro
Phd student on Maritime Faculty – Kotor
Emilija Nikolic, Faculty of Applied Physiotherapy – Igalo University of Montenegro
Professor on Faculty of Applied Physiotherapy – Igalo


Prašćević M. Cvetković D. Noise in the environment. Faculty of Occupational Safety, 2005

Gruden D. Traffic and Environment, Springer, 2001

Directive 2003/10/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 February 2003 on the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from physical agents (noise). Official Journal of the European Union, L 42/38 - L 42/44.

Statutory Instrument 2007 No. 3075. Merchant Shipping The Merchant Shipping and Fishing Vessels (Control of Noise at Work) Regulations 2007. The Stationery Office, London.

Zvyagina LA. Peripheral nervous disorders in seafarers.

European Journal of Neurology; Vol.11, (Suppl 2), 2004, pp. 136-182

Stansfeld S. Matheson M. Noise pollution: non-auditory effect on health. British Medical Bulletin, Volume 68, 2003, pp. 243-257

Grohol J. Noise Activates Our Stress Hormones,

Blukhn G. Ericcson C. Cardiovascular effect on environmental noise. Pub Med, Vol. 52, 2011, pp. 2012-2016

Statutory Instrument 2005 No. 1643. Health and Safety The Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005. The Stationery Office, London.

IMO Resolution A.468 (XII),”Code on noise levels on board ships”, 1981

Witte R. Container Terminals and Noise. Internoise, Shangai, October 2008

Witte R. Noise emissions RoRo terminals. Euronoise, Edinburg, Scotland, October 2009 (27.08.2012) (27.08.2012)

Radanović B. Overview of noise condition on ships built in our shipyards,Shipbuilding, No. 7, 1970, pp. 436-439

Tae-Kyoung L. Won-Ho J. Jong-Gug B. Exhaust Noise Control of Diesel Engine using Hybrid Silencer. Internoise, Shangai, October 2008

How to Cite
Nikolic A, Nikolic E. CONTROLLING RISK DUE TO NOISE ON FERRY BOAT. Promet [Internet]. 2013Jul.19 [cited 2023Jan.31];25(4):387-94. Available from: