Impact of Traffic-Induced Vibrations on Residential Buildings and Their Occupants in Metropolitan Cities

Keywords: traffic-induced vibrations, human-traffic interaction, perception of vibrations, building-traffic interaction, vibration measurement


This paper evaluates and quantifies the adverse impact of traffic-induced vibrations on the structural systems of residential buildings and their occupants. To do this, İstanbul, one of the world’s most populous and traffic-congested cities, was selected as a case study. Firstly, a survey was conducted on 100 occupants of six neighbourhoods to understand human perception of vibrations and the physical condition of typical buildings. Then, train-induced ground vibrations were measured near a busy railway. Using the survey data and the measured train vibrations, time-history analyses were applied to five typical residential buildings. The results showed that there is a considerable contribution of higher modes to overall building response. Peak particle velocities calculated on the buildings are predominantly intolerable. Critically, 95% of the occupants would like authorities to reorganize traffic regulations to reduce the effects of this global problem. Therefore, human response to traffic-induced vibrations should be consideration of serviceability limit state and site-specific analysis should be incorporated into the codes of practice.

Author Biography

Aykut Erkal, Istanbul Altinbas University

Associated Professor of Civil Engineering


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How to Cite
Erkal A. Impact of Traffic-Induced Vibrations on Residential Buildings and Their Occupants in Metropolitan Cities. Promet [Internet]. 2019Jun.10 [cited 2024Jun.20];31(3):271-85. Available from: