Urban Mobility and City Logistics – Trends and Case Study
Improving urban mobility is crucial to the sustainable development of a city. Well-managed movement of individuals, goods, and services is essential to increase citizens’ welfare, not only by reducing travel times and congestion levels, but also by minimizing air pollution, noise, accidents, etc. To achieve the desired results, the objectives and scope of the optimization efforts have become broader in recent years. Instead of focusing only on the flows and on the network itself, research and projects have connected various areas of economy to traffic management, such as public health and logistic optimization. In this work we discuss the interconnections between urban mobility and city logistics, and present a case study showing how the mobility plan implemented in Ghent (Belgium) in April 2017 affected its logistic system.
 Fuller D, Morency P. A Population Approach to Transportation Planning: Reducing Exposure to Motor-Vehicles. Journal of Environmental and Public Health. 2013;2013: 1-5.
 Allsop RE. Transport networks and their use: how real can modelling get? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. 2008;2008(366): 1879-1892.
 Taniguchi E, Thompson RG, Yamada, T, van Duin R. City logistics: Network modelling and intelligent transport systems. Oxford, UK: Pergamon; 2001.
 Department for Transport. A New Deal for Transport: Better for Everyone. London, UK: 1998.
 Vanderbilt T. Traffic: Why we drive the way we do (and what it says about us). Information Design Journal. 2009;2009(17): 152-152.
 Downs A. Traffic: Why It’s Getting Worse, What Government Can Do. Washington, USA: Brookings Policy Brief Series; 2004.
 Cervero R. Road Expansion, Urban Growth, and Induced Travel: A Path Analysis. Journal of the American Planning Association. 2003;2003(69): 145-163.
 Platzer MD, Harrison GJ. The U.S. automotive industry: National and state trends in manufacturing employment. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service; 2009.
 Cavar I, Kavran Z, Jolic N. Intelligent Transportation System and Night Delivery Schemes for City Logistics. Computer Technology and Application. 2011;2011(2): 782-788.
 UITP. Public transport at the heart of the integrated urban mobility solution. Brussels, Belgium: UITP; 2016.
 Torjesen I. Cycling to work has substantial health benefits, study finds. BMJ. 2017;2017(357): j1944.
 Shaheen S. Commuter-Based Carsharing: Market Niche Potential. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. 2001;2001(1760): 178-183.
 Ben-Elia E, Ettema D. Rewarding rush-hour avoidance: A study of commuters’ travel behavior. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. 2011;2011(45): 567-582.
 Ettema D, Knockaert J, Verhoef E. Using incentives as traffic management tool: empirical results of the "peak avoidance" experiment. Transportation Letters. 2010;2010(2): 39-51.
 Su Q, Zhou L. Parking management, financial subsidies to alternatives to drive alone and commute mode choices in Seattle. Regional Science and Urban Economics. 2012;2012(42): 88-97.
 Semanjski I, Aguirre Lopez AJ, De Mol J, Gautama S. Policy 2.0 Platform for Mobile Sensing and Incentivized Targeted Shifts in Mobility Behavior. Sensors. 2016;2016(16): 1035.
 Nakhjirkan S, Rafiei FM. An Integrated Multi-Echelon Supply Chain Network Design Considering Stochastic Demand: A Genetic Algorithm Based Solution. Promet – Traffic & Transportation. 2017;29(4): 391-400.
 Black WR. Sustainable Transportation: Problems and Solutions. New York, USA: The Guilford Press; 2010.
 Arnott R, Small K. The economics of traffic congestion. American Scientist. 1994;1994(82): 446-455.
 Verhoef E, Nijkamp P, Rietveld P. Tradeable Permits: Their Potential in the Regulation of Road Transport Externalities. Environment and Planning B. 1997;1997(24): 527-548.
 Semanjski I, Bellens R, Gautama S, Witlox F. Integrating Big Data into a Sustainable Mobility Policy 2.0 Planning Support System. Sustainability. 2016;2016(8): 1142.
 Semanjski I, Gautama S. Crowdsourcing mobility insights – Reflection of attitude based segments on high resolution mobility behaviour data. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies. 2016;2016(71): 434-446.
 Taniguchi E. Concepts of City Logistics for Sustainable and Liveable Cities. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2014;2014(151): 310-317.
 Taniguchi E, Thompson RG, Yamada T. Recent Trends and Innovations in Modelling City Logistics. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2014;2014(125): 4-14.
 Anand N, Quak H, van Duin R, Tavasszy L. City Logistics Modeling Efforts: Trends and Gaps – A Review. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012;2012(39): 101-115.
 Cochrane K, Saxe S, Roorda MJ, Shalaby A. Moving freight on public transit: Best practices, challenges, and opportunities. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation. 2016;2016(11): 120-132.
 Metro Report International. Freight tram to support electric car production. Surrey, UK: Metro Report International; 2017.
 ELTIS. Delivering goods by cargo tram in Amsterdam (Netherlands). Brussels, Belgium: ELTIS; 2015.
 Stojanovski T. The Revival of Buses as Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) in Urban and Regional Planning: Retrospect and Prospects. In: Proceedings of the European Transport Conference, 30 September - 02 October 2013, Frankfurt, Germany. ETC; 2013.
 Statbel. Statistiek - Statistics Belgium. Brussels, Belgium: be.STAT; 2017.
 Ghent University. Facts and figures. Ghent, Belgium: Ghent University; 2017.
 Nicholson H. Get on your bike in Belgium: The best way to see glorious Ghent? On two wheels. Daily mail. 2013;2013(11): 1-5.
 City of Ghent. Dashboard Gent. Ghent, Belgium: Stad Gent; 2017.
 De Lijn. Dagnet. Mechelen, Belgium: De Lijn; 2017.
 Bok J, Kwon Y. Comparable Measures of Accessibility to Public Transport Using the General Transit Feed Specification. Sustainability. 2016;2016(8): 224.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).