Proposal of a Conceptual Architecture System for Informing the User in the IoT Environment
Design and development of systems for delivering real-time information to people with disabilities and elderly persons need to be based on defined user requirements. For this purpose, the user requirements have been defined in this paper according to the everyday needs of people who use traffic networks and move in closed spaces. The logical presentation of the functionality of the informing system operation and its subsystems includes all the information (data) important for designing a user information delivery system. The paper presents a conceptual architecture system for delivering user informing services related to the environment based on the Internet of Things concept. The aim of the user informing service is an increase in the level of mobility of persons with disabilities and the senior age groups of users. In order to check the operation of the proposed architecture, the informing system operation was monitored on Arduino Uno and Raspberry Pi platforms in laboratory conditions. A simulation confirmed the interdependence of individual data from different subsystems in order to provide real-time information to the system user. The proposed conceptual architecture can contribute to a more efficient approach to the modeling of assistive technologies (with the aim of informing the users) based on dew/fog/cloud technologies in the Internet of Things environment.
taxonomies, and open challenges. IEEE Commun Surv Tutorials. 2014;16(1): 337-68.
 Goleva RI, Garcia NM, Mavromoustakis CX, Dobre C, Mastorakis G, Stainov R, et al. AAL and ELE Platform Architecture. In: Ambient Assisted Living and Enhanced Living Environments. Elsevier; 2017. p. 171–209.
 Ahmetovic D, Gleason C, Ruan C, Kitani K, Takagi H, Asakawa C. NavCog. In: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services - MobileHCI ’16. New York. New York, USA: ACM Press; 2016. p. 90–9.
 Kibria MG, Chong I. Knowledge-based open Internet of Things service provisioning architecture on beacon-enabled Web of Objects. Int J Distrib Sens Networks. 2016 Sep 27;12(9).
 Mulfari D, Celesti A, Villari M, Puliafito A. Providing Assistive Technology Applications as a Service Through Cloud Computing. Assist Technol. 2015;27(1): 44-51.
 Abel EE. Overview of Semantic Web Technology: The Formulation of Semantic Web Agent System Model to Assist the Blind and Visually Impaired. 2016;6(1).
 Wang D, Ge WC, Wang YG. Development of a Health Care Information System for the Elderly at Home. Sung W-P, Kao JCM, editors. MATEC Web Conf. 2016 Mar 8;44: 02011.
 Spinsante S, Gambi E. NFC-Based User Interface for Smart Environments. Adv Human-Computer Interact. 2015;2015: 1-12.
 Flores GH, Manduchi R. WeAllWalk: An Annotated Data Set of Inertial Sensor Time Series from Blind Walkers. Proc 18th Int ACM SIGACCESS Conf Comput Access - ASSETS ’16. 2016;141-50.
 Domingo MC. An overview of the Internet of Things for people with disabilities. J Netw Comput Appl. 2012;35(2): 584-96.
 Ramirez ARG, González-Carrasco I, Jasper GH, Lopez AL, Lopez-Cuadrado JL, García-Crespo A. Towards Human Smart Cities: Internet of Things for sensory impaired individuals. Computing. 2017 Jan 28;99(1): 107-26.
 Perakovic D, Perisa M, Cvitic I, Brletic L. Internet of things concept for informing visually impaired persons in indoor environments. In: Proceedings of the 2nd EAI International Conference on Management of Manufacturing Systems. EAI; 2018.
 Ghamari M, Soltanpur C, Cabrera S, Romero R, Martinek R, Nazeran H. Design and prototyping of a wristband-
type wireless photoplethysmographic device for heart rate variability signal analysis. In: 2016 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC). IEEE; 2016. p. 4967-70.
 Nelson EC, Verhagen T, Noordzij ML. Health empowerment through activity trackers: An empirical smart wristband study. Comput Human Behav. 2016 Sep;62(September): 364-74.
 Wang C-H, Nien S-H. Combining multiple correspondence analysis with association rule mining to conduct user-driven product design of wearable devices. Comput Stand Interfaces. 2016;45(March): 37-44.
 Pramanik PKD, Upadhyaya BK, Pal S, Pal T. Internet of things, smart sensors, and pervasive systems: Enabling connected and pervasive healthcare. In: Healthcare Data Analytics and Management. Elsevier; 2019. p. 1-58.
 Augustyniak P, Smoleń M, Mikrut Z, Kańtoch E. Seamless Tracing of Human Behavior Using Complementary Wearable and House-Embedded Sensors. Sensors. 2014 Apr 29;14(5): 7831-56.
 Choi H-S, Rhee W-S. IoT-Based User-Driven Service Modeling Environment for a Smart Space Management System. Sensors. 2014 Nov 20;14(11): 22039-64.
 Yared R, Abdulrazak B. Ambient Technology to Assist Elderly People in Indoor Risks. Computers. 2016 Oct 10;5(4): 22.
 Bauk S, Draskovic M, Schmeink A. Challenges of Tagging Goods in Supply Chains and a Cloud Perspective with Focus on Some Transitional Economies. Promet - Traffic & Transportation. 2017 Feb 16;29(1): 109.
 Periša M, Peraković D, Šarić S. Conceptual Model of Providing Traffic Navigation Services to Visually Impaired Persons. Promet - Traffic & Transportation. 2014 May 26;26(3): 209-18.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).