Multi-criteria Optimization of Motorways of the Sea in the Function of the Environment Protection: Case Study of Croatia

  • Alen Jugović Sveučilište u Rijeci, Pomorski fakultet u Rijeci.
  • Marijan Cukrov Klaster intermodalnog prijevoza.
  • Tanja Poletan Jugović Sveučilište u Rijeci, Pomorski fakultet u Rijeci.
Keywords: motorways of the sea, ports, environmental protection, intermodality, emissions of exhaust gases, external costs, sustainable development, energy efficiency,

Abstract

The transport system causes extremely harmful consequences for society and the environment. It is manifested through the increased emission of harmful exhaust gases, traffic congestions, traffic accidents, increased level of noise, higher levels of stress and various diseases of all participants of the transport system and society in general. The implementation and modernization of intermodality through the Motorways of the Sea (MoS) as its ecological and socio-economic sustainable subsystem is the efficient way of reducing the above mentioned consequences. Further sustainable development of MoS can be observed according to the ecological and socio-economic criteria and sub-criteria set out in this paper in order to keep it in direct function of protecting the society and preserving the environment.

Author Biographiesaaa replica rolex repwatches replica rolex watches for men replica iwc watch

Alen Jugović, Sveučilište u Rijeci, Pomorski fakultet u Rijeci.
dr.sc.
Marijan Cukrov, Klaster intermodalnog prijevoza.
dr.sc.
Tanja Poletan Jugović, Sveučilište u Rijeci, Pomorski fakultet u Rijeci.
dr.sc.

References

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European Commission. Directorate General for Energy and Transport. Motorways of the Sea. Art. 12a of the TEN-T Guidelines. Brussels, 2005.

López-Navarro M.Á. Environmental Factors and Intermodal Freight Transportation: Analysis of the Decision Bases in the Case of Spanish Motorways of the Sea. Sustainability. 2014;6(3):1544-1566.

Korzhenevych A, Dehnen N, Bröcker J, Holtkamp M, Meier H, Gibson G, Varma A, Cox V. Update of the Handbook on External Costs of Transport. European Commission – DG Mobility and Transport, MOVE/D3/2011/571. Ricardo-AEA; 2014.

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Cukrov M. Model of implementation of the Motorways of the sea system in function of environmental protection [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Rijeka, Faculty of Engineering; 2016.

Brons M, Christidis P. External cost calculator for Marco Polo freight transport project proposals. European Commission, Joint Research Centre. Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, Seville (updated version); 2013.

Published
2017-09-05
How to Cite
1.
Jugović A, Cukrov M, Poletan Jugović T. Multi-criteria Optimization of Motorways of the Sea in the Function of the Environment Protection: Case Study of Croatia. Promet [Internet]. 2017Sep.5 [cited 2024Jul.19];29(4):463-8. Available from: https://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/2416
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Articles