High-occupancy Vehicle Lanes and Tradable Credits Scheme for Traffic Congestion Management: A Bilevel Programming Approach
High-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes, which are designed so as to encourage more people to use high-capacity travel modes and thus move more people in a single roadway lane, have been implemented as a lane management measure to deal with the growing traffic congestion in practice. However, the implementation has shown that some HOV lanes are not able to achieve the expected effects without proper HOV lane settings. In this study, the tradable credits scheme (TCS) is introduced to improve the HOV lane management and an optimal capacity of HOV lanes in a multilane highway is investigated to match TCSs. To approach the investigation, a bilevel programming model is proposed. The upper-level represents the decision of the highway authority and the lower-level follows the commuters’ user equilibrium with deterministic demand. The potential influence of TCSs is further investigated within the proposed framework. A modified genetic algorithm is proposed to solve the bilevel programming model. Numerical examples demonstrate that combining TCSs with the HOV lane management can obviously mitigate traffic congestion.
Neudorff LG, Randall JE, Reiss R, Gordon R. Freeway management and operations handbook. New York: Federal Highway Administration; 2006.
Bing X. What caused the difficulty in designating HOV lanes? China Youth News. Aug 10 2016.
Shewmake S. Can Carpooling Clear the Road and Clean the Air?: Evidence from the Literature on the Impact of HOV Lanes on VMT and Air Pollution. Journal of Planning Literature. 2012;27(4): 363-74.
Yang H. When should carpool lanes be introduced in a multi-lane highway? Journal of Advanced Transportation. 1998;32(2): 242-52.
Yang H, Huang H-J. Carpooling and congestion pricing in a multilane highway with high-occupancy-vehicle lanes. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. 1999;33(2): 139-55.
Konishi H, Mun S-I. Carpooling and congestion pricing: HOV and HOT lanes. Regional Science and Urban Economics. 2010;40(4): 173-86.
Small KA, Yan J. The Value of Value Pricing of Roads: Second-Best Pricing and Product Differentiation. Journal of Urban Economics. 2001;49(2): 310-36.
Verhoef ET, Small KA. Product Differentiation on Roads. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy (JTEP). 2004;38(1): 127-56.
Fuhs C, Obenberger J. Development of High-Occupancy Vehicle Facilities: Review of National Trends. Transportation Research Record. 2002;1781: 1-9.
Furuhata M, Dessouky M, Ordonez F, Brunet M-E, Wang X, Koenig S. Ridesharing: The state-of-the-art and future directions. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 2013;57: 28-46.
De Corla-Souza P. Fair highway networks: a new approach to eliminate congestion on metropolitan freeways. Public Works Management and Policy. 2005;9(3): 196-205.
Fan W, Jiang X, Erdogan S, Sun Y. Modeling and evaluating FAIR highway performance and policy options. Transport Policy. 2016;48: 156-168.
Grant-Muller S, Xu M. The Role of Tradable Credit Schemes in Road Traffic Congestion Management. Transport Reviews. 2014;34(2): 128-49.
Yang H, Wang X. Managing network mobility with tradable credits. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 2011;45(3): 580-94.
Fan W, Jiang X. Tradable mobility permits in roadway capacity allocation: Review and appraisal. Transport Policy. 2013;30: 132-42.
Sheffi Y (ed.). Urban Transportation Networks: Equilibrium Analysis with Mathematical Programming Methods. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall; 1985.
Byrd RH, Hribar ME, Nocedal J. An Interior Point Algorithm for Large-Scale Nonlinear Programming. SIAM J on Optimization. 1999;9(4): 877-900.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).