South East Europe Hub and Spoke Air Network Reconfiguration
AbstractThe paper presents the passenger and cargo historical traffic data analysis at the Zagreb Airport, at certain airports in the wider region and globally for a period of half a century. The war during 1990s and the disintegration of Yugoslavia had as a consequence the breakdown of air transport based on hub and spoke system with three airports as a hub: Zagreb, Belgrade and Ljubljana. During and after the war, the domestic airliner in the region and a foreign airliner implemented primarily point-to-point system. Hub airports have become origin-destination airports with mainly local passengers and insignificant ratio of transfer and transit passengers. The causes of slow passenger and cargo traffic growth at the Zagreb Airport and of passengers at certain airports in the narrow region have been analysed and the results are lower growth of air traffic at capital airports of the new countries and greater air traffic growth on the capital airports and others in the countries of a wide region comparing with the global passenger transport growth. The paper indicates the possible measures to increase the share of transfer passengers and cargo traffic at the Zagreb Airport and certain airports in the immediate region.
Pavlin S. Aerodromi I. Zagreb: Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences, University of Zagreb; 2006. Croatian
International Civil Aviation Organization. Annual report of the Council. Montreal: International Civil Aviation Organization; 2014.
UN World Tourism Organization. Tourism highlights 2014. Madrid: UN World Tourism Organization; 2015.
Zagreb Airport International. Zagreb airport statistics: 1962.-2015. Zagreb: Zagreb Airport International
International Civil Aviation Organization. Airport planning manual: part I. Montreal: International Civil Aviation Organization; 1987.
Croatia Airlines. Godišnje izvješće Uprave o stanju Društva za 2014. Zagreb: Croatia Airlines; 2015. Croatian
International Air Transport Association. Air passenger market analysis. Montreal: International Air Transport Association; 2014.
Pavlin S, Bošnjak I, Novak L, Sorić V. Impact of motorway network construction on air transport demand. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Transport Infrastructure; 2008 May 23-26; Beijing, China. Beijing: ISMARTI and China Academy of Science; 2008.
Pavlin S, Majić Z. Intermodalni transport u zračnom prijevozu: studija izvodljivost izgradnje logističko-distribucijskog centra Zagreb. Zagreb: Fakultet prometnih znanosti; 2012. Croatian
Pavlin S, Rapan M, Štimac I. Possible solutions for general aviation of the city of Zagreb. Promet – Traffic & Transportation. 2007; 19(4):237-240.
Pavlin S, Rapan M, Božičević A. [Directives of possible development of airfield Lučko]. Proceeding of the symposium Traffic issues of the city of Zagreb. 2006 Jun 12-13; Zagreb, Croatia. Zagreb: Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Zagreb City Council; 2006. Croatian
Aerodrome Zagreb. Statistic overview of traffic at Zagreb Airport from 1975 to 1979. Zagreb: Aerodrome Zagreb; 1980.
Flughafen Wien AG. Annual report 2014. Vienna: Flughafen Wien AG; 2015.
Belgrade Airport. Belgrade airport statistics analysis. Belgrade: Belgrade Airport; 2015.
Ljubljana Airport. Ljubljana airport statistics analysis. Ljubljana: Ljubljana Airport; 2015.
Zagreb Airport International. Zagreb airport statistics analysis. Zagreb: Zagreb Airport International; 2015.
Doganis R. Flying off course: the economics of international airlines. New York: Routledge; 2002.
Malović I. [Optimization of inter-company agreements in air transport] [Master thesis]. Zagreb: Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences; 2012. Croatian
Belobaba PP, Odoni A, Bernhardt C. The global airline industry. Chichester: John Willey and Sons Ltd.; 2009.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).