Economic Investigation of a Public Transport Support Policy: A Case Study at Budapest
AbstractThis paper analyses the effect of supporting the public transport policy based on intersection controlling with the aim of tram priority in Budapest, as a case study. The hypothesis related to this study was that the support of public transport is only viable when the marginal benefit of public transport is higher than the marginal cost of individual transport. Therefore, the real costs of this support for the society were estimated. This study revealed that by applying this policy, the waiting time at intersections and CO2 emission-related costs have increased by about 13.7% and 14.2%, respectively. Besides, the estimated monetary gain of tram users would be 17,800 euro on a daily level total by applying the mentioned policy.
Holmgren J. A Strategy for Increased Public Transport Usage – The Effects of Implementing a Welfare Maximizing Policy. Research in Transportation Economics. 2014;48:221-26. doi:10.1016/j.retrec.2014.09.046
Ramjerdi F, Fearnley N. Risk and irreversibility of transport interventions. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. 2014;60:31-39.
Justen A, Schippl J, Lenz B, Fleischer B. Assessment of Policies and Detection of Unintended Effects: Guiding Principles for the Consideration of Methods and Tools in Policy-Packaging. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. 2014;60:19-30. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2013.10.015
Tobollik M, Keuken M, Sabel C, et al. Health Impact Assessment of Transport Policies in Rotterdam: Decrease of Total Traffic and Increase of Electric Car Use. Environmental Research. 2016;146:350-58. doi:10.1016/j.envres.2016.01.014
Verma A, Rahul TM, Dixit M. Sustainability Impact Assessment of Transportation Policies – A Case Study for Bangalore City. Case Studies on Transport Policy. 2015;3(3):321–30. doi:10.1016/j.cstp.2014.06.001
Sun H, Zhang Y, Wang Y, Li L, Sheng Y. A Social Stakeholder Support Assessment of Low-Carbon Transport Policy Based on Multi-Actor Multi-Criteria Analysis: The Case of Tianjin. Transport Policy. 2015;41:103-16. doi:10.1016/j.tranpol.2015.01.006
Crisalli U, Comi A, Rosati A. A Methodology for the Assessment of Rail-road Freight Transport Policies. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2013;87:292-305. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.611
Wang Y, Monzon A, Di Ciommo F. Assessing the Accessibility Impact of Transport Policy by a Land-Use and Transport Interaction Model – The Case of Madrid. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. 2015;49:126-35. doi:10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2014.03.005
European Commission. White paper 2011: Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a Competitive, and Resource Efficient Transport System [homepage on the Internet]. 2011. Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/strategies/2011_white_paper_en
Wei Y, Huang C, Lam PT, Yuan Z. Sustainable urban development: A review on urban carrying capacity assessment. Habitat International. 2015;46:64-71. doi: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2014.10.015
Černý J, Černá A, Bohdan L. Support of decision-making on economic and social sustainability of public transport. Transport, 2014;29(1):59-68. doi: 10.3846/16484142.2014.897645
Toşa C, Antov D, Köllő G, Rõuk H, Rannala M. A methodology for modelling traffic related emissions in suburban areas. Transport. 2015;30(1):80-87. doi: 10.3846/16484142.2013.819034
Gaal G, Horváth E, Török Á, Csete M. Analysis of Public Transport Performance in Budapest, Hungary. Periodica Polytechnica: Social and Management Sciences. 2015;23(1):68-72. doi: 10.3311/PPso.7724
European Commission. White paper: European transport policy for 2010: time to decide [homepage on the Internet]. 2001. Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/strategies/doc/2001_white_paper/lb_com_2001_0370_en.pdf
European Commission. White paper: Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system [homepage on the Internet]. 2010. Available from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2011:0144:FIN:en:PDF
Masoumi HE, Soltanzadeh H. A Regional Analysis Of Urban Population And Transport Energy Consumption. International Journal for Traffic & Transport Engineering. 2014;4(4):372-385. doi: 10.7708/ijtte.2014.4(4).02
Fátima Teles M, Sousa JF. Environmental Management and Business Strategy: Structuring the Decision-Making Support in a Public Transport Company. Transportation Research Procedia. 2014;3:155-164. doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2014.10.101
Mori U, Mendiburu A, Álvarez M, Lozano JA. A review of travel time estimation and forecasting for Advanced Traveller Information Systems. Transportmetrica A: Transport Science. 2015;11(2):119-157. doi: 10.1080/23249935.2014.932469
Zhou Z, Cai M. Intersection Signal Control Multi-Objective Optimization Based on Genetic Algorithm. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering. 2014;1(2):153-158. doi: 10.1016/S2095-7564(15)30100-8
Lämmer S, Kori H, Peters K, Helbing D. Decentralised Control of Material or Traffic Flows in Networks Using Phase-Synchronisation. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and Its Applications. 2006;363(1):39-47. doi:10.1016/j.physa.2006.01.047
Smits ES, Bliemer MCJ, Pel AJ, van Arem B. A Family of Macroscopic Node Models. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 2015;74(4):20-39. doi:10.1016/j.trb.2015.01.002
Index.hu. Cost of intersection controlling [homepage on the Internet]. In Hungarian: Nagykörúti lámpahangolás. 2012. Available from: http://index.hu/belfold/budapest/2012/02/06/44_millioba_kerult_a_lampaathangolas/ last visit: April 5. 2015
Ozbay K, Bartin B, Yanmaz-Tuzel O, Berechman J. Alternative Methods for Estimating Full Marginal Costs of Highway Transportation. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. 2007;41(8):768-86. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2006.12.004
Flügel S. Accounting for User Type and Mode Effects on the Value of Travel Time Savings in Project Appraisal: Opportunities and Challenges. Research in Transportation Economics. 2014;47:50-60. doi:10.1016/j. retrec.2014.09.018
Uchida K. Estimating the Value of Travel Time and of Travel Time Reliability in Road Networks. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. 2014;66:129-47. doi:10.1016/j.trb.2014.01.002
Meszaros F, Torok A. Theoretical Investigation of Emission and Delay Based Intersection Controlling and Synchronising in Budapest. Periodica Polytechnica: Transportation Engineering. 2014;42(1):37-42. doi: 10.3311/PPtr.7183
European Commission. Action Plan for Energy Efficiency. COM(2006)545 [homepage on the Internet]. 2008. Available from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52006DC0545
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).