Proposing a Revised Pedestrian Walkway Level of Service Based on Characteristics of Pedestrian Interactive Behaviours in China

  • Xiaonian Shan Tongji University
  • Jianhong Ye
  • Xiaohong Chen Tongji University
Keywords: pedestrian level of service, overtaking behaviour, evasive behaviour, macro and micro characteristics, metro station walkway,

Abstract

The objective of this study is to analyse characteristics of Pedestrian Interactive Behaviours (PIBs) in order to propose a revised pedestrian walkway Level of Service (LOS) in China. Field data on overtaking and evasive behaviours were collected at a metro station walkway in Shanghai, China to calculate macro and micro indicators. Occurrence intensities of these two PIBs initially increased with moderate density and later decreased with high density that reduced available space. PIBs were also analysed in terms of sideways behaviours to account for the varying difficulties of PIBs at different densities. It was found that available space for PIBs was the main factor contributing to the intensity features. Moreover, the different space demands of the two PIBs resulted in different features between them. Finally, a revised pedestrian walkway LOS was proposed based on the macro and micro characteristics of PIBs in China.

Author Biographies

Xiaonian Shan, Tongji University

XIAONIAN SHAN, Ph.D. Candidate

E-mail: 3ashan@tongji.edu.cn

Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering of the Ministry of Education

Tongji University

4800#, Cao’an Road, Shanghai, 201804, P.R.China

Jianhong Ye

JIANHONG YE, Ph.D., Associate professor.

E-mail: jianhong_ye@tongji.edu.cn

Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering of the Ministry of Education

Tongji University

4800#, Cao’an Road, Shanghai, 201804, P.R.China

Xiaohong Chen, Tongji University

XIAOHONG CHEN, Ph.D., Professor

E-mail: chenxh@tongji.edu.cn

Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering of the Ministry of Education

Tongji University

4800#, Cao’an Road, Shanghai, 201804, P.R.China

References

Tatebe K, Nakajima H. Avoidance behaviour against a stationary obstacle under single walking: A study on pedestrian behaviour of avoiding obstacles (I) [in Japanese]. Journal of Architecture Planning and Environmental Engineering. 1990;418:51-57.

Kitazawa K, Fuijyama T. Pedestrian vision and collision avoidance behaviour: investigation of the information process space of pedestrians using an eye tracker. In: Klingsch WWF, Rogsch C, Schadschneider A, Schreckenberg M, editors. Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics 2008. London, UK: Springer, 2010. p. 95-108.

Fang ZM, Song WG, Liu X, et al. A continuous distance model (CDM) for the single-file pedestrian movement considering step frequency and length. Physica A. 2012;391(1-2):307-316.

Wu JR, Feng JD, Lu SG. Research on pedestrian overtaking behaviour in passageway. Journal of Tongji University (Natural Science). 2012;40(2):228-234.

Miyazaki K, Matsukura H, Katuhara M, et al. Behaviours of pedestrian group overtaking wheelchair user. Tokyo: National Maritime Research Institute (NMRI). Report 181-004; 2004.

Wolff M. Notes on the behaviour of pedestrians. In: Birenbaum A, editor. People in places: the sociology of the familiar. London, UK: Nelson Press; 1973.

Kim S, Choi J, Kim S, et al. Personal space, evasive movement and pedestrian level of service. Journal of Advanced Transportation. 2014;48(6):673-684.

Shan XN, Ye JH, Chen XH. Critical walking space requirement for collision avoidance of pedestrians: an experimental study. Proceedings of the 14th COTA International Conference of Transportation Professionals (CICTP 2014); 2014 July 4-7; Changsha, China; 2014. p. 2369-2380.

Wu JR, Lu SG. Feature analysis and operation evaluation of pedestrian weaving zone. Journal of the Transportation Research Board. 2013;2393:66-74.

Sun LS, Yang ZF, Rong J, et al. Study on the weaving behaviour of high density bidirectional pedestrian flow. Mathematical Problems in Engineering. 2014; Article ID 765659, 9 p.

Ma J, Song W, Fang Z, et al. Experimental study on microscopic moving characteristics of pedestrians in built corridor based on digital image processing. Building and Environment. 2010;45:2160-2169.

Fruin JJ. Pedestrian planning and design. Mobile: Elevator World; 1990.

Highway Capacity Manual 2010. Washington DC: Transportation Research Board, National Research Council (TRB Special Report 616).

Highway Capacity Manual 2000. Washington DC: Transportation Research Board, National Research Council (TRB Special Report 209).

Yuen JKK, Lee EWM. The effect of overtaking behaviour on unidirectional pedestrian flow. Safety Science. 2012;50(8):1704-1714.

Gotoh H, Harada E, Andoh E. Simulation of pedestrian contra-flow by multi-agent DEM model with self-evasive action model. Safety Science. 2012;50(2):326-332.

Dabbs J, Stokes N. Beauty is power: the use of space on the sidewalk. Sociometry, 1975;38(4):551-557.

Burgess J. Interpersonal spacing between surrounding nearest neighbors reflects both familiarity and environmental density. Ethology and Sociobiology. 1983;4(1):11-17.

Willis A, Gjersoe N, Havard C, et al. Human movement behaviour in urban spaces: implications for the design and modeling of effective pedestrian environments. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design. 2012;31(6):805-828.

Published
2016-12-08
How to Cite
1.
Shan X, Ye J, Chen X. Proposing a Revised Pedestrian Walkway Level of Service Based on Characteristics of Pedestrian Interactive Behaviours in China. PROMET [Internet]. 2016Dec.8 [cited 2020Sep.21];28(6):583-91. Available from: https://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/1947
Section
Articles