Effectiveness of a Barge-Based Ballast Water Treatment System for Multi-Terminal Ports

  • Lovro Maglić Pomorski fakultet u Rijeci, SveučiliÅ¡te u Rijeci Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka
  • Damir Zec Pomorski fakultet u Rijeci, SveučiliÅ¡te u Rijeci Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka
  • Vlado Frančić Pomorski fakultet u Rijeci, SveučiliÅ¡te u Rijeci Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka
Keywords: ballast water management, ballast reception facility, discrete event simulation,

Abstract

The paper presents outcomes of the discrete event simulation of the ballast water management in a multi-terminal port. The simulation includes ship’s manoeuvring, cargo and ballast operations and a barge-based ballast water treatment system operating within all terminal areas. The barge-based ballast water treatment system is used by ships unable to use their own equipment, not equipped with an appropriate ballast treatment system or non-compliant with the Ballast Water Management (BWM) Convention 2004 for whatever reason. The main goal is to estimate the productivity and cost effectiveness of such systems as an option to support ships not able to comply with the BWM Convention, once it enters into force. The model was built and tested in Arena simulation software. Process parameters are based on real traffic data for the port of Rijeka. The results indicate that barge-based ballast treatment facility will be heavily underutilized, and that such systems are cost-effective only in ports where large volumes of ballast water need to be delivered to shore treatment systems.

Author Biographies

Lovro Maglić, Pomorski fakultet u Rijeci, SveučiliÅ¡te u Rijeci Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka

Lovro Maglić is a postdoc research assistant at the Faculty of Maritime Studies in Rijeka, as a member of the Nautical Science department. He achieved a PhD in in the field of Technical Science – maritime transport technology.

His expertise is related to maritime transport, traffic analysis, port planning and operations, maritime safety, marine environmental protection, human element in navigation and simulation modeling.

Damir Zec, Pomorski fakultet u Rijeci, Sveučilište u Rijeci Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka

Damir Zec is a full professor at the Faculty of Maritime Studies in Rijeka, as a member of the Nautical Science department. His expertise is related to maritime transport, traffic analysis, port planning and operations, maritime safety, safety of navigation, marine technologies, prevention of pollution from ships and environment protection.

Vlado Frančić, Pomorski fakultet u Rijeci, SveučiliÅ¡te u Rijeci Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka

Vlado Francic is an Assistant professor at the Department for nautical science at Faculty of Maritime Studies in Rijeka. He achieved PhD in the field of Technical Science – maritime transport technology. His scientific researches is related to theoretical and empirical research on maritime traffic, traffic modelling, maritime safety and security. He is associate and author on numerous scientific articles and research projects related to safety of navigation, protection of the marine environment and regulations related to maritime affairs. Currently, he is Head of postgraduate study "Pomorstvo" at the Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka.

References

David M, Gollasch S, Pavliha M. Global ballast water management and the “same location” concept: a clear term or a clear issue?. Ecological Applications. 2013 Mar;23(2):331-338.

David M, Gollasch S, Elliott B, Wiley C. Ballast Water Management Under the Ballast Water Management Convention. In: David M, Gollasch S, editors. Global Maritime Transport and Ballast Water Management: Issues and Solutions. Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media, 2015; p. 89-108.

Brown and Coldwell. Port of Milwaukee – Onshore Ballast Water Treatment Feasibility Study Report. Milwaukee: Brown and Coldwell; 2007.

Brown and Coldwell. Port of Milwaukee – Off-ship Ballast Water Treatment Feasibility Study Report. Milwaukee: Brown and Coldwell; 2008.

COWI A/S. Ballast water treatment in ports – Feasibility study. Kongens Lyngby: COWI A/S; 2012.

King DM, Hagan PT. Economic and Logistical Feasibility of Port-based Ballast Water Treatment: A Case Study at the Port of Baltimore (USA). Maritime Environmental Resource Centre, Ballast Water Economics Discussion Paper No. 6; 2013.

Donner P. Ballast Water Treatment Ashore – Better for the Environment and for Seafarers. WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs. 2010 Oct;9(2):191-199.

Pereira NN, Brinati HL. Onshore ballast water treatment: A viable option for major ports. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2012 Nov;64:2296-2304.

US Environmental Protection Agency. Efficacy of Ballast Water Treatment Systems: a report by the EPA Science Advisory Board. Washington D.C.: US Environmental Protection Agency; 2011.

Cohen AN. Ships’ Ballast Water and the Introduction of Exotic Organisms into the San Francisco Estuary – Current Status of the Problem and Options for Management. Richmond: San Francisco Estuary Institute; 1998.

David M, Perkovič M, Suban V, Gollasch S. A generic ballast water discharge assessment model as a decision supporting tool in ballast water management. Decision support systems. 2012 Apr;53(1):175-185.

Suban V, Perkovič M, Bialowąs E, Mróz D. Models for determination of ballast water discharges in port of Gdynia. BalticMaster II (maritime safety across borders) EU project; 2012.

Published
2015-10-28
How to Cite
1.
Maglić L, Zec D, Frančić V. Effectiveness of a Barge-Based Ballast Water Treatment System for Multi-Terminal Ports. PROMET [Internet]. 2015Oct.28 [cited 2019Nov.15];27(5):429-37. Available from: https://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/1812
Section
Articles