New Maritime Alliances and Competition in a New Economic Environment

  • Fernando González-Laxe University of A Coruña
  • Isabel Novo-Corti University of A Coruña
  • Diana Mihaela Pociovalisteanu "Constantin Brancusi" University of Targu-Jiu Faculty of Economics and Business Administration
Keywords: maritime container transport, maritime policy, economic environment, port development, inter-modality, container ports,

Abstract

The recent creation of transport and information networks opens up two new and outstanding options: the interconnection of the economic areas and a new mediation between offer and demand in shipping. In this document the different ways of organization adopted by shipping companies were reviewed; their agreements, alliances, mergers and acquisitions, so as to determine the different levels of hierarchy among them. Secondly, a new port classification was proposed in accordance with the structure and development of shipping companies, together with the degree of port specialization within the framework of the recent spatial integration.

Author Biographies

Fernando González-Laxe, University of A Coruña
University Institute of Maritime Studies
Isabel Novo-Corti, University of A Coruña

Department of Economic Analysis and Business Adminsitration

Diana Mihaela Pociovalisteanu, "Constantin Brancusi" University of Targu-Jiu Faculty of Economics and Business Administration
Department of Management, marketing and Business Administration

References

Zhang H, Zhao X. Quantitative Analysis of Organizational Behavior of Container Shipping in the Upper and Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River Based on Hub-and-Spoke Network. Journal of Coastal Research. 2015;73(sp1):119-125.

UNCTAD. Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Group of Port Experts. Port Marketing and the Third Generation Port. Geneve; 1992.

Rodrigue JP, Notteboom T. Looking inside the box: Evidence from the containerization of commodities and the cold chain. Maritime Policy & Management. 2015;42(3):207-227.

Hoyle BS, Hilling D, editors. Seaport Systems and Spatial Change, Technology, Industry and Development Strategies. Chichester: John Wiley & Son; 1984.

Parola F, Satta G, Panayides PM. Corporate strategies and profitability of maritime logistics firms. Maritime Economics and Logistic. 2015;17(1):52-78.

Cariou P, Ferrari C, Parola F. Strategies in maritime and port logistics. Maritime Economics and Logistic. 2015;17(1):1-8.

Yang Y, Chen S. Determinants of global logistics hub ports: Comparison of the port development policies of Taiwan, Korea, and Japan. Transport Policy. 2016;45:179-189.

Cheong I, Suthiwartnarueput K. ASEAN’s initiatives for regional economic integration and the implications for maritime logistics reforms. International Journal of Logistical Management. 2015;26(3):479-493.

Bergqvist R, Turesson M, Weddmark A. Sulphur emission control areas and transport strategies – the case of Sweden and the forest industry. European Transport Research Review. 2015;7(10):1-15.

Liwång H, Sörenson K, Österman C. Ship security challenges in high-risk areas: manageable or insurmountable? WMU Journal of Maritime Affaire. 2015;14(2):201-217.

Hall P, Clark A. Maritime Ports and the politics of reconnection. In transforming urban waterfronts: fixity and flows. In: Desfor G, Laidley J, Stevens P, Schubert D, editors. Transforming urban waterfronts: fixity and flows. Abingdon: Routledge; 2010.

Brooks MR, Culliname K. Introduction. In: Brooks MR, Cullinane K, editors. Devolution, Port Governance and Port Performance. Research in Transport Economics, 2007;17:3-28.

Dooms M. Crafting the integrative value proposition for large scale transport infrastructure hubs: a stakeholder management approach. Vubpress Brussels University Press; 2010.

Ducruet, C. Spatial structure and dynamics of port cities: from local to global [in French]. M@ppemonde. 2005;77(1):1-6.

Guericke S, Tierney K. Liner shipping cargo allocation with service levels and speed optimization. Transport Research Part E. 2015;84:40-60.

Zheng J, Sun Z, Gao Z. Empty container exchange among liner carriers. Transport Ressearch Part E. 2015;83:158-169.

Debrie J, Raimbault N. The port-city relationships in two European inland ports: A geographical perspective on urban governance. Cities – International Journal of Urban Policy and Planning. 2016;50:180-187.

Guerrero D, Rodrigue JP. The waves of containerization: shifts in global maritime transportation. Journal of Transport Geography. 2014;34:151-164.

Zheng J, Gao Z, Yang D, Sun Z. Network design and capacity exchange for liner alliances with fixed and variable container demands. Transp Sci. 2015;49(4):886-899.

Hesse M, Rodrigue JP. The Transport geography of logistics and freight distribution. Journal of Transport Geography. 2004;12:171-184.

Brooks MR. The governance structure of ports. Review of Networks Economics. 2004;3(2):168-183.

Yeo H. Participation of Private Investors in Container Terminal Operation: Influence of Global Terminal Operators. The Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistic. 2015;31(3):363-383.

Christensen LT. The return of the hierarchy: SOEs in marketisation. International Journal of Public Sector Management. 2015;28(4-5):307-321.

Panayides PM, Cullinane K. Competitive advantage in liner shipping: a review and research agenda. International Journal of Maritime Economics. 2002;4:189-209.

Cabral AMR, Ramos FDS. Cluster analysis of the competitiveness of container ports in Brazil. Transportation Research Part A. 2014;69:423-431.

Pérez Fiaño JE. Port infrastructure and logistics of interoceanic regional transport. Paper presented at: Conf. Foro Iniciativa Cuenca del Pacífico; 2007 Jan 29; Cali, Columbia.

Van de Voorde E, Vanelslander T. Market Power and Vertical and Horizontal Integration in the Maritime Shipping and Port Industry. Econstor, 2008, OECD/ITF Joint Transport Research Centre Discussion Paper, No. 2009-2, Provided in Cooperation with: International Transport Forum (ITF), OECD.

Laxe G, Novo-Corti I. Maritime Transport and Trade: The Impact of European Transport Policy. An Overview of Maritime Freight Transport Patterns. European Research Studies Journal. 2009;12(1):131-147.

Lee H, Boile M, Theofanis S, Choo S. Modeling the oligopolistic and competitive behavior of carriers in maritime freight transportation networks. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2012;54:1080-1094.

Boile M, Lee H, Theofanis S. Hierarchical interactions between shippers and carriers in international maritime freight transportation networks. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 2012;48:3651-3660.

Sys C. Inside the box: Assessing the competitive conditions, the concentration and the market structure of the container liner shipping industry [PhD thesis]. University of Antwerp and University of Gent; 2010.

Sys C, Meersman H, Van De Voorde E. A non-structural test for competition in the container liner shipping industry. Maritime Policy & Management. 2011;38(3):219-234.

Slack B, Comtois C, Mccalla R. Strategic alliances in the container shipping industry: a global perspective. Maritime Policy and Management. 2002;29(1):65-76.

Sys C. Is the container line shipping and oligopoly? Transport Policy. 2009;16:259-270.

Heavert T, Meersman H, Van de Voorde E. Co-operation and competition in international container transport: strategies for ports. Maritime Policy and Management. 2001;28(3):293-305.

Frémont A, Soppé M. The strategies of regular liner shipowners: maritime space between Asian and domination of the new Europe. Seminaire Maritime INRETS; 2004 Jan 9.

Notteboom T, Rodrigue JP. The corporate geography of global container terminal operators. Maritime Policy and Management. 2012;39(3):249-279.

Tourret P. Asian arms of containerisation [ISEMAR, Note de Syntèse. nº 68; Oct 2004.

Wang J. Port Governance in China. Paper presented at: Seminaire Maritime INRETS; 2004 October 8; France. Avaible from: http://www.inrets.fr/fileadmin/ur/splott/Evenements/EMAR/Syntheses/Synthese_Wang_8octobre2004.pdf

González Faraco JC, Trujillo AL, Torres Sánchez M. Social exclusion in educational discourse: An analysis based on a research program. Education Policy Analysis Archives. 2012;20(24):1-20.

Soppé M, Parola F, Frémont A. Emerging inter-industry partnerships between shipping lines and stevedores: From rivalry to cooperation? Journal of Transport Geography. 2009;17(1):10-20.

Yeo H-J. Geography of Mergers and Acquisitions in the Container Shipping Industry. Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics. 2013;29(3):291-314.

Merikas AG, Polemis D, Triantafyllon A. Mergers and acquisitions in the shipping industry. The Journal of Applied Business Research. 2011;27(4):9-22.

aaffe EJ, Morril RL, Gould PR. Transport Expansion in Underdeveloped Countries: a comparative analysis. The Geography Review. 1963;53:503-529.

Hayut Y. Containerisation and the load centre concept. Economic Geography. 1981;57:160-176.

Notteboom T. Concentration and the load center development in the European container port system. Journal of Transport Geography. 1997;5:99-115.

O'Kelly ME, Miller HJ. The Hub Network design problems: a review and synthesis. Journal of Transport Geography. 1994;2:31-40.

Notteboom T. Consolidation and contestability in the European container handling industry. Maritime Policy and Management. 2002;29(3):257-269.

Beddow M. Hub Port Ambitions. Containerisation International. May 2004:79-83.

Notteboom T, Winkelmans W. Structural changes in logistics: how will port authorities face the challenge? Maritime Policy and Management. 2001;28(1):71-89.

Published
2016-07-01
How to Cite
1.
González-Laxe F, Novo-Corti I, Pociovalisteanu DM. New Maritime Alliances and Competition in a New Economic Environment. Promet [Internet]. 2016Jul.1 [cited 2023Jan.31];28(3):311-20. Available from: https://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/1749
Section
Articles