Application of classification rules to Italian ports

  • Marino Lupi University of Pisa
  • Alessandro Farina University of Pisa
  • Antonio Pratelli University of Pisa
  • Alessandra Gazzarri University of Pisa
Keywords: ranking ports, Italian ports, value added, port classification rules


In this paper, the existing rules commonly used for port traffic comparison are described. These rules provide weighting factors for each freight category in order to make them comparable and exploitable for port ranking. These rules are based on the value added concept related to port activities. Two new rules are proposed. The first is again based on the value added concept. The second rule is based on the assumption that ports not only create labour directly, through activities related to port operations, but they also play the role of “gates” for the existing economic activities of a region or a country, as a consistent quota of the overall international trade takes place by sea. This rule is based on the relationship among the trend of traffic volume of each freight category and the trend of the national GDP. The rules existing in the literature and the proposed new rules have been applied in ranking Italian ports; the results are discussed. The sensitivity of the ranking of Italian ports, to the different weighting rules, has been analysed.

Author Biographies

Marino Lupi, University of Pisa

Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering

Full professor of Transport Engineering

Alessandro Farina, University of Pisa

Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering

Post-doctoral fellowship

Antonio Pratelli, University of Pisa

Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering

Associate professor of Transport Engineering

Alessandra Gazzarri, University of Pisa

Department of Civil and Industrial Engineering

PhD student


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How to Cite
Lupi M, Farina A, Pratelli A, Gazzarri A. Application of classification rules to Italian ports. Promet [Internet]. 2014Aug.20 [cited 2023Feb.9];26(4):345-54. Available from: