The Best Location for Speed Bump Installation Using Experimental Design Methodology

  • Alireza Khademi Dept. of Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Johor 81310, Malaysia
  • Nafiseh Ghorbani Renani Dept. of Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Johor 81310, Malaysia
  • Maryam Mofarrahi Dept. of Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Johor 81310, Malaysia
  • Alireza Rangraz Jeddi Dept. of Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Johor 81310, Malaysia
  • Noordin Mohd Yusof Professor, Deputy Dean Development, Dept. of Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Johor 81310, Malaysia
Keywords: speed bump location, Classical Design of Experiments (DOE), full-factorial design, distance-time, local optimum point

Abstract

Speed bumps, as traffic calming devices, have been extensively used to reduce traffic speed on local streets. This study represents a unique application of experimental design methodology where the effects of some controllable factors in determining the best location for installing speed bumps before stop points (e.g. entry gates, road junctions) were investigated. Through Classical Design of Experiments (DOE), the optimum location of the speed bump was obtained based on the graphical plots of the significant effects. The speed at the stop point was treated as the response and minimum speed is desirable. Design-Expert® software was used to evaluate and analyze the results obtained. The suggested mathematical model effectively explains the performance indicators within the ranges of the factors. The car speed is the most significant factor that affects the distance-time in comparison with other factors, which provides secondary contributions.

Author Biographies

Alireza Khademi, Dept. of Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Johor 81310, Malaysia
AlirezaKhademi received his B.Eng. in the field of Industrial Engineering - Industrial Production in 2009 from Qazvin Islamic Azad University (QIAU), Iran. He has worked as Quality Engineer in an Instrument Engineering and Calibration Service Company. After gaining some valuable experience in industry, he started his post education in the field of Industrial Engineering at University Technology Malaysia (UTM), and received his M.Eng. in 2013. His interesting research areas are, Quality Engineering, Design and Analysis of Experiments, Production Planning and Control, A.I. Artificial Intelligence, Simulation and Modelling, and Membrane Technology.
Nafiseh Ghorbani Renani, Dept. of Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Johor 81310, Malaysia

Nafiseh Ghorbani Renani received her MSc in the field of Master of Engineering, Industrial Engineering from UTM, from 2011 to 2013. She received her BSc in Industrial Engineering, Industrial Production, from University of Yazd, Iran, from 2005 to 2009. She has worked at production planning and supply chain departments of some companies in Iran. And now her interest is more focused on Supply Chain, Distribution Network Design, and Optimization.

Maryam Mofarrahi, Dept. of Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Johor 81310, Malaysia

Maryam Mofarrahi received her MSc and BSc in the field of Industrial Engineering. She has worked as an Industrial Engineer in various organizations. Her research interests are Supply Chain Management, Industrial Dynamics, Quality Engineering, and Optimization.

Alireza Rangraz Jeddi, Dept. of Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Johor 81310, Malaysia

Alireza Rangraz Jeddi received his MSc in the field of Master of Engineering, Industrial Engineering from University Technology Malaysia (UTM), from 2011 to 2013. He received his BSc in Industrial Engineering, Industrial Technology, from Qazvin Islamic Azad University (QIAU), Iran, from 2000 to 2005. He has worked in some industrial companies in areas of technology transfer, modelling and optimization of agriculture machinery supply chain and production scheduling. Now he is working on finding a solution for mathematical modeling and optimizing competitive strategy for broad type of industries. His interest is more focused on Simulation and Optimization of Industrial Process, and Supply Chain System.

Noordin Mohd Yusof, Professor, Deputy Dean Development, Dept. of Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Johor 81310, Malaysia

Noordin Mohd Yusof has a degree in Mechanical Engineering specializing in Industrial Engineering from UTM, a MSc in Advanced Manufacturing Technology from Cranfield Institute of Technology (now called Cranfield University) in the U.K. and PhD focusing on Machining Technology from UTM. He is a senior member of the Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME), U.S.A. Currently, he is a Professor at the Dept. of Materials, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, UTM. Dr. Noordin is involved in numerous research projects in machining, sustainability, membrane manufacture and Industrial Engineering.

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The graphical experimental design dependent and independent variables
Published
2013-12-16
How to Cite
1.
Khademi A, Ghorbani Renani N, Mofarrahi M, Rangraz Jeddi A, Mohd Yusof N. The Best Location for Speed Bump Installation Using Experimental Design Methodology. Promet [Internet]. 2013Dec.16 [cited 2023Feb.5];25(6):565-74. Available from: https://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/1188
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Articles