Inland Ports in the Republic of Croatia: Approvals for Port Activities instead of Concessions
AbstractAccording to the 1998 Act on Inland Ports, the right to performall port activities within inland ports of the Republic ofCroatia is given on the basis of concession, obtained throughbidding. It has been noticed in practice that modem businessprocesses and traffic flows are more dynamic than before whenclassic concession relations were created. Also, types andamounts of cargo are changing every couple of years, which isfollowed by quick adjustments, instead of working according torigid and long-term defined decisions and concession contracts.Furthermore, the practice has shown for some activitiesthat the number of port providers (such as ship suppliers,port-agency and freight forwarders) should not be limited. Thismeans that the system of a limited number of port providers isimportant only for the activities that require location within aport, as the port area is physically limited. Therefore, the newAct on Navigation and Inland Ports from 2007, whose framehas been completed by sub-law acts during 2008, has replacedthe complex concession system for performing activities in inlandports by a more liberal approval system. On the basis ofthese, higher dynamics of work of port providers is enabled aswell as easier adjustment to market conditions. Furthermore,the main limitation factor that determines the number of portusers becomes the available physical space within a port, whichprovides undisturbed competition, along with larger offer ofport services that do not require that space. It is also importantto point out that the new Act specifically includes distributionand cargo logistics, also processing and improvement of goodsas well as industrial activities including production that enablecomplete economic utilization of port capacities into the existingport activities, thus significantly changing the role of the portitself as a logistic centre.
I. Borkovic: Pravna priroda koncesije. Proceedings of
the Faculty of Law in Split, year XXVIII, No 1-2, 1991.,
Split, p. 14
V. Gorenc: Osvrt na zakon o koncesijama. 'Racunovodstvo,
revizija i financije', year III, No. 3, March 1993,
Zagreb, p. 54
G. Vojkovic: Pomorsko dobra i koncesije. Split, Croatian
Hydrographic Institute, 2003, pp. 152-156
I. Borkovic: Primjena opcegpravnog reiima koncesije na
pomorsko dobra, Round Table paper 'Pomorsko dobra
i koncesije'. Rijeka, Faculty of Law, University of Rijeka,
G. Vojkovic: Luke unutamjih voda. Split, Croatian Hydrographic
Institute, 2007, pp. 76-80
[ 6] V. Borcic: Koncesije za lucke djelatnosti u lukama otvorenim za medunarodni promet, 'Stvarna prava i koncesije
na pomorskom dobru i za Iucke djelatnosti' (Conference).
Rijeka, 1997, p. 7
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).