A Simple Throw Model for Frontal Vehicle-Pedestrian Collisions
AbstractThis paper discusses a simple theoretical throw model forfrontal vehicle-pedestrian collisions. The model is based on thesimple assumption that pedestrian movement after impact canbe approximated by the movement of a mass point. Two methodsof vehicle-pedestrian collision reconstruction are discussed:one knowing only the throw distance and the otherwhen also impact to ground contact distance is known. Themodel is verified by field data available in the literature and bycomportment with full scale numerical simulation.
Aronberg, R.: Airborne Trajectory Analysis Derivation
for Use in Accident Reconstruction. SAE Technical Paper
Collins, J. C.: Accident Reconstruction. Charles C. Thomas
Publisher, Springfield, Illinois, USA, 1979, pp.
Brach, R. M., Brach, R. M.: Vehicle Accident and Reconstruction
Methods. SAE International, 2005
Eubanks, J. J., Haight, W. R.: Pedestrian Involved Traffic
Collision Reconstruction Methodology. SAE Technical
Paper Series 921591.
Fugger, T. F. Jr., Randles, B. C., Wobrock, J. L., Eubanks,
J. L.: Pedestrian Throw Kinematics in Forward
Projection Collisions. SAE Technical Paper 2002-01-
Han I., Brach, R. M.: Throw Model For Frontal Pedestrian
Collisions. SAE Technical Paper Series 2001-01-
Happer, A., Araszewski, M., Toor, A., Overgaard, R.,
Johal, R.: Comprehensive Analysis Method for Vehicle!
/Pedestrian Collisions. In: Accident Reconstruction,
SAE SP-1491, 2000
Limpert R.: Motor Vehicle Accident Reconstruction and
Cause Analysis. 5th Edition. Lexis Publishing, Charlottesville,
Virginia, USA, 1999. pp 539-554
McHenry, R. R., McHenry, B. G.: Occupant Trajectory.
In: McHenry Accident Reconstruction 2000. McHenry
Software, Cary, NC, USA, 200, pp. 95-102.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).