Development of Railways in New Marketing Conditions
AbstractAs a traffic system, railway is experiencing possibly the biggestorganizational and systemic changes ever, in its long existence.It has always been under the patronage of the state. It hashad privileged position on the transport market, and its losseswere covered by the state. In comparing the railways as a publictransport system and other transport systems, especially theroad system, railways features significant innate advantageswhich should be used by stimulating traffic policy. This paperstudies the future development of the railway from the transportaspect in the new conditions of the transport market, marketliberalization on railway lines and the privatization process ofthe railway as transport service provider. It presents the basiccharacteristics of the railway which emphasise its advantagesand drawbacks compared to other traffic systems. The characteristicsof the transport market are presented, and the positionof the railway in the given circumstances is analysed. The paperalso analyses the political relation of the governments of somecountries and EU towards traffic and favouring of individualsystems.
Ludewig, J.: Europas Verkehrspolitik und die Rolle der
Europiiisehen Bahnen, ,Liberalisierung und Harmonisierung
der Eisenbahnen in Europa' ETR, Hestra Verlag,
Rausch, F., K.: Teehnologie Bahn-Perspekliven undAnforderungen
aus Siehl des Belreibers, ZEVrail Glasers
Annalen 126(2002)617, 236-245.
Clausecker, M., Die Zukunft der Bahnen Szenario 2015-
-Produkle-Erfolgsfakloren, ZEVrail Glasers Annalen
Brandl, H.: Die Zukunft der Eisenbahn aus verkehrswissensehaftlieher
Siehl, ZEVrail Glasers Annalen
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).