Vehicle-Driver Behavioural-Responses Defined by Radio-Navigation System GPS
AbstractFrom the very beginning of its usage the navigation systemGPS has been applied in studying the cases of the car followingbehaviour of two-vehicle platoons. The navigation receiver isused for vehicle position and speed data collections. The measurementaccuracy is to be improved by the real-time dGPScorrection-data or by additional data post-processing. For additionalmeasurement of the vehicle-to-vehicle separation, bothvehicles should be equipped with a GPS receiver. The vehicle-to-vehicle separation is calculated later on, during the datapost-processing.This paper describes the choice of the experimental setup,on the basis of the radio-navigation system GPS, which may beused for recording the data on location, speed and time. Thepresented measurement results have been attained in two steps:first, the data were collected, through the process of tracking oftwo-vehicle platoons in real life traffic-flow, and then processed.The selected mathematical model is based on the PIDcontroller in the closed-loop control system. It enables evaluationof the measurement results and assessment of the behaviouralelements of each driver.
Smerdu, 1.: Impact of maintenance on the productivity of
commercial road vehicles. Collection of scientific papers
(Zbornik referatov). Portoroz: Faculty of Maritime and
Transport (Fakulteta za pornorstvo in promet), 2000, p.
Agogino, A. M. at al.: Aggregation of direct and indirect
positioning sensors for vehicle guidance. Final Report.
PATH Project MOU-322. Berkeley (US): University of
California, May 31, 2000. ISSN 1055-1425. Available
also from Internet for Adobe Acrobat:
its. berkeley. edu/publications/
Batavia, P. H.: Driver adaptive warning systems. Thesis
proposal CMU-RI-TR-98-07. Pittsburgh (US): The
Robotics Institute Carnigie Mellon University, March
Available also from Internet for Adobe Acrobat:
/proposal/phb _proposal. pdf>.
Godbole, D., Lygeros, D.: Longitudinal control of the
lead car of a platoon. PATH TECH MEMO 93-7. Berkeley
(US): University of California, 1993.
Control system toolbox for use with MATLAB. Natick
(US): The MathWorks, Inc., November 2000.
Simulink: Model-based and system-based design: Using
Simulink. Natick (US): The MathWorks, Inc., November
Dabney, J. B., Harman, T. L.: Mastering Simulink 4.
Upper Saddle River (US): Prentice Hall, 2001. ISBN
Zhang, H. M., Jin, W. L.: Kinematics wave traffic flow
model for mixed flow. Paper No. 02-3068. Transportation
Research Board, 81st Annually Meeting, Washington
(US), January 13-17,2002. Berkeley (US): University
of California; ITS Davis, 2002.
Skabardonis, A.: Simulation of freeway weaving areas.
Paper No. 02-3732. Transportation Research Board,
st Annually Meeting, Washington (US), January 13-
-17, 2002. Berkeley (US): University of California; ITS
Park, S., Tan, C. W.: GPS-aided gyroscope-free inertial
navigation systems. UCB-/TS-PRR-2002-22. Berkeley
(US): University of California, 2002.
JJG /00: /00 Hz raw data and position solutions (no
interpolation). JA VAD Navigation Systems. Duluth
(US): Advanstar Communications: Galileo's World,
Autumn 2002, p. 1. ISSN 1528-2341.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).