Chinese High-speed Railway: Efficiency Comparison and the Future

  • Weidong Li School of Economics & Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, China
  • Olli-Pekka Hilmola LUT University, Kouvola Unit, Finland
  • Jianhong Wu School of Economics & Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, China
Keywords: high-speed railways, efficiency, benchmarking, Bass diffusion model, future

Abstract

High-speed railway (HSR) network building was initiated in China in the early 2000s, and full-scale construction began several years later as a larger use phase started in 2008. Thereafter, the expansion speed has been impressive. Network investment could be considered as a success, if evaluating the amount of high-speed railway usage already during the expansion phase. The diffusion models built in this research show that expansion in the network and growth of the passengers will continue at least until the following decade. The performance is evaluated in terms of DEA efficiency model. It is shown that efficiency started from very low levels, but it has been increasing together with the expansion of HSR network. Currently, the efficiency is near the level of the leading European High-speed (HS) countries (Germany and France). However, it is projected with linear model and by Bass diffusion models that the efficiency will reach Japanese and South Korean standards in the next decade. A somewhat larger network length with smaller relative growth of passengers, but with a higher growth of passenger-km seems to be able to reach even the frontier efficiency.

Author Biographies

Weidong Li, School of Economics & Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, China

PhD Weidong Li is working as a Professor in Beijing Jiaotong University at School of Economics & Management in Beijing, China. He is also currently Vice-Director. Expertise of him includes economics and business administration together with quantitative modeling and analysis.

Jianhong Wu, School of Economics & Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, China

PhD Jianhong Wu is working as a Professor of Transport Economics in Beijing Jiaotong University at School of Economics & Management in Beijing, China. He has considerable experience from Chinese and international railway sector as he has worked for UIC in France as well as in railway ministry within China.

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Published
2019-12-30
How to Cite
1.
Li W, Hilmola O-P, Wu J. Chinese High-speed Railway: Efficiency Comparison and the Future. PROMET [Internet]. 2019Dec.30 [cited 2020Jun.5];31(6):693-02. Available from: http://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/3220
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Articles