Impact of Traffic-Induced Vibrations on Residential Buildings and Their Occupants in Metropolitan Cities

Keywords: traffic-induced vibrations, human-traffic interaction, perception of vibrations, building-traffic interaction, vibration measurement

Abstract

This paper evaluates and quantifies the adverse impact of traffic-induced vibrations on the structural systems of residential buildings and their occupants. To do this, İstanbul, one of the world’s most populous and traffic-congested cities, was selected as a case study. Firstly, a survey was conducted on 100 occupants of six neighbourhoods to understand human perception of vibrations and the physical condition of typical buildings. Then, train-induced ground vibrations were measured near a busy railway. Using the survey data and the measured train vibrations, time-history analyses were applied to five typical residential buildings. The results showed that there is a considerable contribution of higher modes to overall building response. Peak particle velocities calculated on the buildings are predominantly intolerable. Critically, 95% of the occupants would like authorities to reorganize traffic regulations to reduce the effects of this global problem. Therefore, human response to traffic-induced vibrations should be consideration of serviceability limit state and site-specific analysis should be incorporated into the codes of practice.

Author Biography

Aykut Erkal, Istanbul Altinbas University

Associated Professor of Civil Engineering

References

Papagiannakis A, Raveendran B. International Standards Organization-Compatible Index for Pavement Roughness. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board. 1998;1643: 110-115. Available from: doi:10.3141/1643-14

Connolly DP, Kouroussis G, Laghrouche O, Ho CL, Forde MC. Benchmarking railway vibrations – Track, vehicle, ground and building effects. Construction and Building Materials. 2015;92: 64-81. Available from: doi:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.07.042

Erkal A, Laefer D, Fanning P, Durukal E, Hancilar U, Kaya Y. Factors affecting traffic-generated vibrations on buildings and a case study: Minaret of Little Hagia Sophia Mosque. In: Nuallain NAN, Walsh D, West R (eds.) Proceedings of Bridge & Infrastructure Research in Ireland 2010 and Concrete Research in Ireland, A joint Symposium co-hosted by UCC and CIT, 2 - 3 September 2010, Cork, Ireland.

Crispino M, D’Apuzzo M. Measurement and prediction of traffic-induced vibrations in a heritage building. Journal of Sound and Vibration. 2001;246(2): 319-335. Available from: doi:10.1006/jsvi.2001.3648

Ivanović Ž, Bauk S. Multiphase Approach to Developing Model of Logistics for Coastal Tourist Destinations. Promet – Traffic&Transportation. 2014;26(5): 405-418. Available from: doi:10.7307/ptt.v26i5.1458

Erkal A. Transmission of Traffic-induced Vibrations on and around the Minaret of Little Hagia Sophia. International Journal of Architectural Heritage. 2017;11(3): 349-362. Available from: doi:10.1080/15583058.20

1230657

Clemente P, Rinaldis D. Protection of a monumental building against traffic-induced vibrations. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering. 1998;17(5): 289-296. Available from: doi:10.1016/S0267-7261(98)00012-8.

Hao H, Ang TC, Shen J. Building vibration to traffic-induced ground motion. Building and Environment. 2001;36(3): 321-336. Available from: doi:10.1016/S0360-1323(00)00010-X.

Erkal A, Laefer D, Fanning P. Analyses and evaluation of building response to traffic-induced vibrations and related human disturbance. In: The Transportation Research Board (TRB) 89th Annual Meeting, 10-14 January 2010, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.

TÜİK, Turkish Statistical Institute. Results of Population Registration System, 2016. Number: 24638. General Directorate of Civil Registration and Nationality. Available from: http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreHaberBultenleri.do?id=24638. [Accessed 31st January 2017].

Department of Earthquake Engineering. Earthquake Risk Assessment for Istanbul Metropolitan Area. Bogazici University Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute, Istanbul, Turkey. Executive Summary, 2002.

SAP2000. (Version 16.1.1) [Software] Structural Analysis Program - Static and Dynamic Finite Element Analysis of Structures. Computers and Structures, Inc. Berkeley, California, USA. 2014.

Sica G, Peris E, Woodcock JS, Moorhouse AT, Waddington DC. Design of measurement methodology for the evaluation of human exposure to vibration in residential environments. Science of the Total Environment. 2014;482-483: 461-471. Available from: doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.07.006

Srbulov M. Ground Vibration Engineering, Simplified Analyses with Case Studies and Examples. London: Springer; 2010.

British Standards Institution. BS 5228-2:2009+A1:2014. Code of practice for noise and vibration control on construction and open sites – Part 2: Vibration. London: BSI; 2014.

Wiss JF. Construction Vibrations: State-of-the-Art. Journal of the Geotechnical Engineering Division, Proceedings of American Society of Civil Engineers. 1981;107(2): 167-181.

Published
2019-06-10
How to Cite
1.
Erkal A. Impact of Traffic-Induced Vibrations on Residential Buildings and Their Occupants in Metropolitan Cities. PROMET [Internet]. 2019Jun.10 [cited 2019Aug.18];31(3):271-85. Available from: http://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/3000
Section
Articles