Tariffing in Integrated Passenger Transport Systems: A Literature Review

  • Denis Šipuš University of Zagreb, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences
  • Borna Abramović University of Zagreb, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8675-5778
Keywords: tariff system, integrated passenger transport, zoning, social welfare, transport equity, transport disadventage


Designing tariff systems in public passenger transport is a complex issue of optimization by means of satisfying the wants and needs of all the engaged parties. An integrated passenger transport system (IPTS) stands for the concept of organization and management of public passenger transport based on a uniform tariff system. The issue of transport disadvantage of certain peri-urban and rural areas is the result of poorly organized transport systems. Social and spatial isolation in the framework of mobility is partly the fault of the way in which tariff systems have been designed with no regard to the social factors of the engaged parties for which such systems are designed – its users. Special emphasis in the research of tariff systems is placed on resolving issues of designing tariff zones, maximizing social welfare, transport equity, and transport disadvantage. An outline of the existing research and a review of literature concerning tariffs in integrated passenger transport systems is given, and proposals are put forward for future research due to the need for designing socially beneficial tariff systems, which would eliminate social exclusion, i.e., the transport disadvantage of individuals or parts of society.

Author Biographies

Denis Šipuš, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences
Department of Railway Transport
Borna Abramović, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Sciences
Department of Railway Transport


Ernst, & Young Savjetovanje d.o.o., Fakultet prometnih znanosti u Zagrebu: Elaborat prilagodbe organizacijske strukture operatera modelu integriranog prijevoza putnika. 2017;

Vlada Republike Hrvatske. Strategija prometnog razvoja Republike Hrvatske za razdoblje od 2014. do 2030. godine. 2014;

Gradski ured za strategijsko planiranje i razvoj grada. ZAGREBPLAN Razvojna strategija Grada Zagreba – Ciljevi i prioriteti razvoja do 2020. godine. 2013;

Zagrebačka županija. Županijska razvojna strategija Zagrebačke županije 2011. – 2013. 2011.

EUROPEAN COMMISSION. WHITE PAPER Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system. 2011; Available from: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52011DC0144&from=EN

Št’astná M, Vaishar A, Stonawská K. Integrated Transport System of the South-Moravian Region and its impact on rural development. Transp Res Part D Transp Environ. 2015;36:53–64.

Li CB, Chen WD, Jia HF. Study on the Development Mode of Integrated Passenger Transport in City. Appl Mech Mater. 2013;361–363:2040–4.

Šťastná M, Vaishar A. The relationship between public transport and the progressive development of rural areas. Land use policy. 2017;67(May):107–14.

Šipuš D, Abramović B. The Possibility of Using Public Transport in Rural Area. Procedia Eng. 2017;192:788–93.

Kopecká P, Švetak J. The Integrated Public transport system. Sci J Marit Res. 2013;1:149–56.

Čejka J, Bartuška L, Turinská L. Possibilities of Using Transport Terminals in South Bohemian Region. Open Eng. 2017;7(1):55–9.

Filipović S, Tica S, Živanović P, Milovanović B. Comparative analysis of the basic features of the expected and perceived quality of mass passenger public transport service in Belgrade. Transport. 2009;24(4):265–73.

Sumaedi S, Bakti IGMY, Rakhmawati T, Astrini NJ, Widianti T, Yarmen M. Factors influencing public transport passengers’ satisfaction: a new model. Manag Environ Qual An Int J. 2016;27(5):585–97.

Stopka O, Bartuška L, Kampf R. Passengers’ Evaluation of the Integrated Transport Systems. Naše more. 2015;62(SI):153–7.

Reis V, Macario R. Promoting integrated passenger transport solutions using a business approach. Case Stud Transp Policy. 2015;3(1):66–77.

Borndorfer R, Pfetsch M, Neumann M. Models for Fare Planning in Public Transport. Zib-Report. 2008;16(July).

Borndörfer R, Karbstein M, Pfetsch ME. Models for fare planning in public transport. Discret Appl Math. 2012;160(18):2591–605.

Huang D, Liu Z, Liu P, Chen J. Optimal transit fare and service frequency of a nonlinear origin- destination based fare structure. Transp Res Part E. 2016;96:1–19.

Drdla P, Bulíček J. Fare collection system in integrated public passenger transport systems. 2012;VII(2):22–33.

Bouteiller C, Faivre d’Arcier B. How fare simulation tools in urban public transport can benefit from smart card data analysis? CUPUM 2015. 2015;

Koháni M. Tariff Zones Design in Integrated Transport Systems : a case study for the Žilina Municipality. Mech Energy, Environ. 2015;91–7.

Koháni M. Exact approach to the tariff zones design problem in public transport. Proc 30th Int Conf Math Methods Econ Exact. 2012;426–31.

Hamacher HW, Schöbel A. Design of Zone Tariff Systems in Public Transportation. Berichte des Fraunhofer ITWM. 2001;21(21).

Jansson K. Optimal public transport price and servise frequency. J Transp Econ policy. 1993;

Chen XM, Yin M, Song M, Zhang L, Li M. Social Welfare Maximization of Multimodal Transportation. Transp Res Rec J Transp Res Board. 2014;(2451):36–49.

Holmgren J. Research in Transportation Economics A strategy for increased public transport usage - The effects of implementing a welfare maximizing policy. Res Transp Econ. 2014;48:221–6.

Guzman LA, De D, Circella G. Case Studies on Transport Policy Evaluation of synergies from transportation policy packages using a social welfare maximization approach : A case study for Madrid , Spain. Case Stud Transp Policy. 2014;

Houston D, Tilley S. Fare’s fair? Concessionary travel policy and social justice. J Poverty Soc Justice. 2015;24(2):187–207.

Gašparović S. Theoretical postulates of transport disadvantage. Hrvat Geogr Glas. 2016;78(1):73–95.

Martens K. Transport Justice: Designing Fair Transportation Systems. New York: Routledge; 2017. 240 p.

How to Cite
Šipuš D, Abramović B. Tariffing in Integrated Passenger Transport Systems: A Literature Review. Promet [Internet]. 2018Dec.28 [cited 2023Mar.22];30(6):745-51. Available from: http://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/2948