Simulation of a Collision between Passenger Car and Child Pedestrian

  • Zuzana Schejbalová
  • Alžběta Kvášová
  • Tomáš Mičunek
  • Zdenč›k Marek
Keywords: passenger car, child pedestrian, primary and secondary impact, dummy instrumentation, injury criteria, 3D scanning

Abstract

The Department of Forensic Experts in Transportation at the Faculty of Transportation Sciences performed a second set of dynamic passive safety tests of a passenger car (M1 category - Škoda Octavia II) in a child pedestrian collision. The initial and test conditions were similar to those of the first set of tests in September 2009 (Škoda Roomster). The deformations of the contact zones on the frontal vehicle surface were analyzed by a 3D scanning technology (3D handy scanner). Head, thorax and pelvic resultant acceleration, acceleration of knee joint in sagittal direction and contact force on the femoral structure of the dummy (P6 dummy, 1.17m; 22kg) were measured. The aim of these tests is to provide a detailed description of pedestrian kinematics and comparison of primary and secondary impact seriousness.


KEY WORDS
passenger car, child pedestrian, primary and secondary impact, dummy instrumentation, injury criteria, 3D scanning

References

Regulation (EC) No 78/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 January 2009 on the type-approval of motor vehicles with regard to the protection of pedestrians and other vulnerable road users, amending Directive 2007/46/EC and repealing Directives 2003/102/EC and 2005/66/EC

Yang J., Yao J., Otte, D.: Correlation of Different Impact Conditions to the Injury Severity of Pedestrians in Real World Accidents, Paper Number 05-0352 http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/esv/esv19/05-0352-O.pdf

IHRA/PS-WG Pedestrian Traffic Accident Data http://www.unece.org/trans/doc/2003/wp29grsp/ps-31.doc

Directive 2003/102/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 November 2003 relating to the protection of pedestrians and other vulnerable road users before and in the event of a collision with a motor vehicle and amending Council Directive 70/156/EEC

Nahum A. M., Melvin J.,W.: Accidental Injury – Biomechanics and prevention, ISBN 0-387-98820-3, Springer, 2002

Legislation FMVSS 208 – “Occupant crash protection”

Legislation EHK44 – Child restraints systems

Yamada, H.: Strength of Biological Materials, Williams & Wilkins Co., 1970

Valenta, J. et al.: Biomechanics. 2nd revised edition, ISBN: 80-200-0346-0, Academia, 1993

Currey, J. D., Butler, G.: The Mechanical Properties of Bone Tissue in Children, J Bone Joint Surgery, Vol. 57A, No. 6, pp. 810-814, 1975

Currey, J. D.: Bone Strength: What are We Trying to Measu-re?, Calcified Tissue International, Springer, 2001

McLean A. J., Anderson R. W. G: Biomechanics of Closed Head Injury, Head Injury, ISBN: 0-412-58540-5, Chapman & Hall, 1997

How to Cite
1.
Schejbalová Z, Kvášová A, Mičunek T, Marek Z. Simulation of a Collision between Passenger Car and Child Pedestrian. PROMET [Internet]. 1 [cited 2020Feb.26];24(2):109-18. Available from: http://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/282
Section
Articles

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