Predictors and Motivation for Seat Belt Use – A Case Study in Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Zoran Injac Public Company "REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA ROADS" BANJA LUKA
  • Milan Vujanić Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, BELGRADE
  • Dalibor Pešić Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, BELGRADE
  • Boris Antić Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, BELGRADE
Keywords: use of seat belts, predictors, motivation, behaviour

Abstract

The use of seat belts, for drivers and car occupants, results in reducing the rate of fatalities and severe road injuries. In this research, the methodology of the survey was applied through the self-reporting behaviour of the respondents who determined the subjective risk based on the attitudes of the traffic participants. To evaluate the statistical significance of the categorical variables, Pearson's chi-square test was used. For certain groups of examinees, the results of the relationship (association) between socio demographic characteristics were analysed as predictors of behaviour with the degree of seat belt use. Some other predictors of behaviour, such as the road and mood predictors were analysed as well. Interest was also focused on finding out what motivated certain groups of examinees to use the seat belt. Based on the results of this research, it is possible to classify the drivers and car occupants into certain groups with respect to the seat belt use while driving. This can help in determining the ways of eliminating problems related to the low degree of seat belt use.

Author Biographies

Zoran Injac, Public Company "REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA ROADS" BANJA LUKA

DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT

Strategic Planning Coordinator

Milan Vujanić, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, BELGRADE
professor
Dalibor Pešić, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, BELGRADE
docent
Boris Antić, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, BELGRADE
docent

References

World Health Organisation. Global status report on road safety; 2015.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). Seat Belt Use in 2014 – Overall Results. Washington: NHTSA’s National Center for Statistics and Analysis; 2015.

Elvik R, Vaa T, Erke A, Sorensen M. The Handbook of Road Safety Measures. Emerald Group Publishing; 2004.

World Health Organisation. Global status report on road safety; 2009.

Al Haji G. Road Safety Development Index (RSDI). Theory, Philosophy and Practice. Sweden: Linkoping Studies in Science and Technology; 2007.

Hakkert S, Gitelman V. (Eds.) Road Safety Performance Indicators Manual. SafetyNET. SafetyNET: Deliverable D3.8. of the EU FP6 Project; 2007.

Hollo P, Eksler V, Zukowska J. Road safety performance indicators and their explanatory value: a critical view based on the experience of Central European countries. Safety Science. 2010;48(9): 1142-1150.

Gitelman V, Doveh E, Hakkert S. Designing a composite indicator for road safety. Safety Science. 2010;48(9): 1212-1224.

Wegman F, Commandeur J, Doveh E, Eksler V, Gitelman V, Hakkert S, Lynam D, Oppe S. SUNflowerNext: Towards a composite road safety performance index. Deliverable D6.16 of the EU FP6 project SafetyNet; 2008.

Kukic D, Lipovac K, Pesic D, Vujanic M. Selection of a relevant indicator – road casualty risk based on final outcomes. Safety Science. 2013;51(1): 165-177.

Eksler V. Measuring and understanding road safety performance at local territorial level. Safety Science. 2010;49(9): 1197-1202.

Beck LF, Shults RA. Seat belt use in states and territories with primary and secondary laws – United States. Journal of Safety Research. 2009;40(6): 469-472.

Wegman F, Oppe S. Benchmarking road safety performances of countries. Safety Science. 2010;48(9): 1203-1211.

Pickrell T. Occupant restraint use in 2012: results from the National Occupant Protection use Survey Controlled Intersection Study. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington. Report No. DOT HS 811 872, 2014.

Zhu M, Cummings P, Chu H. Association of rear safety belt use with death in a traffic crash: a matched cohort study. Injury Prevention. 2007;13(3): 183-185.

Bose D, Arregui-Dalmases C, Sanchez-Molina D, Velazquez-Ameijide J, Crandall J. Increased risk of driver fatality due to unrestrained rear-seat passengers in severe frontal crashes. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2013;53: 100-104.

Mayrose J, Jehle D, Hayes M, Tinnesz D, Piazza G, Wilding G. Influence of the unbelted rear-seat passenger on drivermortality: The Backseat Bullet. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2005;12(2): 130-134.

Ichikawa M, Nakahara S, Wakai S. Mortality of frontseat occupants attributable to unbelted rear-seat passengers in car crashes. Lancet. 2002;359(9300): 43-44.

Strine TW, Beck LF, Bolen J, Okoro C, Dhingra S, Balluz L. Geographic and sociodemographic variation in self-reported seat belt use in the United States. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2010;42(4): 1066-1071.

Koushki PA, Bustan MA, Kartam N. Impact of safety belt use on road accident injury and injury type in Kuwait. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2003;35(2): 237-241.

Lipovac K, Maric B, Đeric M. Self-reported and observed seat belt use - A case study: Bosnia and Herzegovina. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2015;84: 74-82.

Aizen I. From intentions to actions: A theory of planned behaviour. In: Kuhl J, Beckmann J. (Eds.) Action control: From cognition to behaviour. Berlin, Heidelber, New York: Springer-Verlag; 1985. p. 11-39.

Department for Transport. Road Safety Research Report 98. Strapping Yarns: Why People Do and Do Not Wear Seat Belts. DfT, Great Minster House 76 Marsham Street. London; 2008.

Tingvall C, Stigson H, Eriksson L, Johansson R, Krafft M, Lie A. The properties of safety performance indicators in target setting, projections and safety design of the road transport system. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2010;42(2): 372-376.

Boyle J, Lampkin C. Motor Vehicle Occupant Safety Survey Volume 2 Seat Belt Report. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington DC. Report No. DOT HS 810 975, 2008.

Trowbridge M, Kent R. Rear-seat motor vehicle travel in the U.S.: using national data to describe a population at risk. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2009;37(4): 321-324.

Routley V, Ozanne-Smith J, Li D, Yu M, Wang J, Zhang J, Qin Y. China belting up or down? Seat belt wearing trends in Nanjing and Zhoushan. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2008;40(6): 1850-1858.

Mayrose J, Priya A. The safest seat: effect of seating position on occupant mortality. Journal of Safety Research. 2008;39(4): 433-436.

Dias ME. Theory of planned behaviour and pediatricians’ intentions to violate traffic regulation. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. 2002;5: 169-175.

Lajunen T, Rasanen M. Can social psychological models be used to promote bicycle helmet use among teenagers? A comparison of the health belief model, theory of planned behaviour and the locus of control. Journal of Safety Research. 2004;35: 115-123.

Simsekoglu O, Lajunen T. Why Turks do not use seat belts? An interview study. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2008;40(2): 470-478.

Garcia AN, Patel KV, Guralnik JM. Seat belt use among American Indians/Alaska Natives and Non-Hispanic Whites. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2007;33(3): 200-206.

Nambisan SS, Vasudevan V. Is seat belt usage by front seat passengers related to seat belt usage by their drivers?. Journal of Safety Research. 2007;38(5): 545-555.

Eugenia Gras M, Cunill M, Sullman MJM, Planes M, Font-Mayolas S. Predictors of seat belt use amongst Spanish drivers. Transportaton Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. 2007;10(3): 263-269.

Huang Y-H, Zhang W, Murphy L, Shi G, Lin Y. Attitudes and behaviour of Chinese drivers regarding seatbelt use. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 2011;43(3): 889-897.

Williams AF, Wells JK. The role of enforcement programs in increasing seat belt use. Journal of Safety Research. 2004;35(2): 175-180.

Hedlund J, Preusser DF, Shults RA. A research agenda for increasing safety belt use in the United States. Journal of Safety Research. 2004;35(2): 231-235.

Published
2019-06-14
How to Cite
1.
Injac Z, Vujanić M, Pešić D, Antić B. Predictors and Motivation for Seat Belt Use – A Case Study in Bosnia and Herzegovina. PROMET [Internet]. 2019Jun.14 [cited 2019Dec.6];31(3):355-66. Available from: http://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/2508
Section
Articles