A Model for Traffic Accidents Prediction Based on Driver Personality Traits Assessment

  • Marjana Čubranić-Dobrodolac University of Belgrade, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering
  • Krsto Lipovac University of Belgrade, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering
  • Svetlana Čičević University of Belgrade, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering
  • Boris Antić University of Belgrade, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering
Keywords: risk perception, aggressiveness, impulsiveness, self-perception, traffic accidents, traffic safety,

Abstract

The model proposed in this paper uses four psychological instruments for assessing driver behaviour and personality traits aiming to find a relationship between the considered constructs and the occurrence of traffic accidents. A Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) was used for the assessment of impulsivity, Aggressive Driving Behaviour Questionnaire (ADBQ) for assessing the aggressiveness while driving, Manchester Driver Attitude Questionnaire (DAQ) and the Questionnaire for self-assessment of driving ability. Besides these instruments, the participants filled out an extensive demographic survey. Within the statistical analysis, in addition to the descriptive indicators, correlation coefficients were calculated and four hierarchical regression analyses were performed to determine the predictive power of personality traits on the occurrence of traffic accidents. Further, to confirm the results and to obtain additional information about the relationship between the considered variables, the structural equation modelling and binary logistic regression have been implemented. A sample of this research covered 305 drivers, of which there were 100 bus drivers and 102 truck drivers, as well as 103 drivers of privately owned vehicles. The results indicate that BIS-11 and ADBQ questionnaires show the best predictive power which means that impulsivity and aggressiveness as personality traits have the greatest influence on the occurrence of traffic accidents. This research could be useful in many fields, such as the design of selection procedures for professional drivers, development of programs for the prevention of traffic accidents and violations of law, rehabilitation of drivers who have been deprived of the driving license, etc.

Author Biographies

Marjana Čubranić-Dobrodolac, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering

Reasearch and Teaching Assistant,

Chair for Traffic Psychology

Krsto Lipovac, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering

Full Professor,

Chair for Traffic Safety

Svetlana Čičević, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering

Full Professor

Chair for Traffic Psychology

Boris Antić, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering

Assistant Professor,

Chair for Traffic Safety

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Published
2017-12-22
How to Cite
1.
Čubranić-Dobrodolac M, Lipovac K, Čičević S, Antić B. A Model for Traffic Accidents Prediction Based on Driver Personality Traits Assessment. PROMET [Internet]. 2017Dec.22 [cited 2020Feb.26];29(6):631-42. Available from: http://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/2495
Section
Articles