High-occupancy Vehicle Lanes and Tradable Credits Scheme for Traffic Congestion Management: A Bilevel Programming Approach

  • Guangzhi Zang Beijing Jiaotong Univ, State Key Lab Rail Traff Control & Safety, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China.
  • Meng Xu Beijing Jiaotong Univ, State Key Lab Rail Traff Control & Safety, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China.
  • Ziyou Gao Beijing Jiaotong Univ, State Key Lab Rail Traff Control & Safety, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China.
Keywords: high-occupancy vehicle lanes, lane management, tradable credits scheme, travel demand management, equilibrium,

Abstract

High-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes, which are designed so as to encourage more people to use high-capacity travel modes and thus move more people in a single roadway lane, have been implemented as a lane management measure to deal with the growing traffic congestion in practice. However, the implementation has shown that some HOV lanes are not able to achieve the expected effects without proper HOV lane settings. In this study, the tradable credits scheme (TCS) is introduced to improve the HOV lane management and an optimal capacity of HOV lanes in a multilane highway is investigated to match TCSs. To approach the investigation, a bilevel programming model is proposed. The upper-level represents the decision of the highway authority and the lower-level follows the commuters’ user equilibrium with deterministic demand. The potential influence of TCSs is further investigated within the proposed framework. A modified genetic algorithm is proposed to solve the bilevel programming model. Numerical examples demonstrate that combining TCSs with the HOV lane management can obviously mitigate traffic congestion.

Author Biographies

Guangzhi Zang, Beijing Jiaotong Univ, State Key Lab Rail Traff Control & Safety, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China.
I am a PhD candidate in Beijing Jiaotong Univ, State Key Lab Rail Traff Control & Safety.
Meng Xu, Beijing Jiaotong Univ, State Key Lab Rail Traff Control & Safety, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China.
I am a professor in Beijing Jiaotong Univ, State Key Lab Rail Traff Control & Safety.
Ziyou Gao, Beijing Jiaotong Univ, State Key Lab Rail Traff Control & Safety, Beijing 100044, Peoples R China.
I am a professor in Beijing Jiaotong Univ, State Key Lab Rail Traff Control & Safety.

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Published
2018-02-26
How to Cite
1.
Zang G, Xu M, Gao Z. High-occupancy Vehicle Lanes and Tradable Credits Scheme for Traffic Congestion Management: A Bilevel Programming Approach. PROMET [Internet]. 2018Feb.26 [cited 2020Apr.5];30(1):1-10. Available from: http://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/2300
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Articles