Investigating Car Users’ Driving Behaviour through Speed Analysis

  • Laura Eboli Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci cubo 46/B, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
  • Giuseppe Guido Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci cubo 46/B, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
  • Gabriella Mazzulla Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci cubo 46/B, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
  • Giuseppe Pungillo Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci cubo 46/B, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
  • Riccardo Pungillo Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci cubo 46/B, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
Keywords: road safety, driving behaviour, speed analysis, instantaneous speed values,

Abstract

Speed has been identified for a long time as a key risk factor in road traffic: inappropriate speeds contribute to a relevant part of traffic accidents. Many literature studies have focused on the relationship between speed and accident risk. Starting from this consideration this paper investigates traffic accident risk by analysing the travelling speeds recorded by real tests on the road. A survey was conducted to collect experimental speed values in a real context. A specific road segment, belonging to an Italian rural two-lane road, was repeatedly run by 27 drivers in order to collect the instantaneous speed values for each trajectory. Smartphone-equipped vehicles were used to record continuous speed data. The recorded data were used to calculate: the average speed, 50th and 85th percentile speed for each geometric element of the analysed road segment. The main result of the research is the classification of car users’ driving behaviour based on the speed values. By using the above mentioned ranges of speed, the classification provides three types of driving behaviour: safe, unsafe, and safe but potentially dangerous. It was found that only four drivers feature “safe” behaviour, driving in a safe manner on most of the road elements. However, the major part of drivers, even if they feature safe behaviour, could be dangerous for other drivers because they drive at very low speeds.

Author Biographies

Laura Eboli, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci cubo 46/B, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
Assistant Professor; Department of Civil Engineering
Giuseppe Guido, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci cubo 46/B, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
Associate Professor; Department of Civil Engineering
Gabriella Mazzulla, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci cubo 46/B, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
Associate Professor; Department of Civil Engineering
Giuseppe Pungillo, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci cubo 46/B, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
PhD student; Department of Civil Engineering
Riccardo Pungillo, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci cubo 46/B, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
Student; Department of Civil Engineering

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Published
2017-04-20
How to Cite
1.
Eboli L, Guido G, Mazzulla G, Pungillo G, Pungillo R. Investigating Car Users’ Driving Behaviour through Speed Analysis. PROMET [Internet]. 2017Apr.20 [cited 2019Dec.6];29(2):193-02. Available from: http://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/2117
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Articles