Implementation of Bipolar Adjective Pairs in Analysis of Urban Acoustic Environments

  • Mia Suhanek University of Zagreb Faculty of EE and Computing Department of Electroacoustics Unska 3, 10000 Zagreb
  • Ivan Đurek University of Zagreb Faculty of EE and Computing Department of Electroacoustics Unska 3, 10000 Zagreb
Keywords: acoustic environment, traffic, expressway, soundscape, psychoacoustic modelling, bipolar adjective pairs,

Abstract

Four different acoustic environments with different loudness levels and spectral distributions were recorded and reproduced to two groups of listeners - control group and experimental group. The questionnaire used in this research relies on the semantic differential method implemented by defining adjective pairs of opposite meaning where each pair describes a sound characteristic for a particular acoustic environment. In analyzing the results, psychological research methodology was used in order to determine statistically significant bipolar adjectives that can appropriately evaluate some given acoustic environment and thus serve as a starting point for a questionnaire and methodology standardization in soundscape research.

Author Biographies

Mia Suhanek, University of Zagreb Faculty of EE and Computing Department of Electroacoustics Unska 3, 10000 Zagreb
Department of Electroacoustics, young researcher
Ivan Đurek, University of Zagreb Faculty of EE and Computing Department of Electroacoustics Unska 3, 10000 Zagreb

Department of Electrocaoustics, professor

 

 

References

Kang J. Urban Sound Environment. London and New York: Taylor & Francis; 2007.

Schafer RM. The Soundscape: Our Sonic Environment and the Tuning of the World. Rochester, Vermont: Destiny Books; 1994.

Schulte-Fortkamp B, Fiebig A. Soundscape Analysis in a Residential Area: An Evaluation of Noise and People’s Mind. Acta Acustica united with Acustica. 2006;92(6):875-880.

Nilsson M. E, Berglund B. Soundscape Quality in Suburban Green Areas and City Parks. Acta Acustica united with Acustica. 2006; 92(6):903-911.

Suhanek M. Evaluation of soundscapes regarding sudden and unexpected sound changes [in Croatian] [PhD thesis]. Zagreb: University of Zagreb; 2013.

Berglund B, Nilsson ME. On a tool for measuring soundscape quality in urban residential areas. Acta Acustica united with Acustica. 2006;92(6):938-944.

Guastavino C. The Ideal Urban Soundscape: Investigating the Sound Quality of French Cities. Acta Acustica united with Acustica. 2006;92(6):945-951.

Schulte-Fortkamp B. The Concept of Meaning in Soundscapes with Respect to the New Experts. Paper presented at: COST action meeting; 2010 March 29-30; Vienna, Austria.

Botteldooren D, De Coensel B. Quality Assessment of Quiet areas: A Multi-Criteria Approach. Proceedings of Euronoise 2006; 2006 May 30 – June 1; Tampere, Finland.

De Coencel B, Boes M, Oldoni D, Botteldooren D. Characterizing the Soundscape of Tranquil Urban Spaces. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, Vol. 19; 2013 June 2-7; Montreal, Canada.

Somervuo P, Härmä A, Fagerlund S. Parametric Representation of Bird Sounds for Automatic Species Recognition. IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing. 2006 Nov;14(6):2252-2263.

Brown CP, Duda RO. A structural Model for Binaural Sound Synthesis. IEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio Processing. 1998 Sep; 6(5):476-488.

Wassermann KC, Eng K, Verschure PFMJ, Manzolli J. Live soundscape Composition Based on Synthetic Emotions. IEEE MultiMedia. 2003;10(4)82-90.

Servigne S, Laurini R. Kang M-A, Li K-J. First Specifications of an Information System for Urban Soundscape. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Multimedia Computing and Systems, Vol. 2; 1999 June 7-11. p. 262-266.

Codognet P, Nouno G. From Landscape to Soundscape. Proceedings of 15th Conference on Virtual systems and Multimedia; 2009 Sep 9-12; Vienna, Austria. p. 93-97.

Innami S, Mogi R, Kasai H. Implementation of Sound-enhanced Landscape Album Using Environmental Sound Provisioning System. Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics; 2012 Jan 13-16; Las Vegas, NV, USA. p. 47-48.

Chu S, Narayanan SS, Kuo C-CJ. Environmental Sound Recognition with Time-Frequency Audio Features. IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing. 2009 Sep;17(6):1142-1158.

Rizzon L, Passerone R. Embedded Soundscape Rendering for the Visually Impaired. Proceedings of 2013 8th IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Embedded Systems. 2013 June 19-21; Porto, Portugal.

Torija AJ, Ruiz DP, Ramos-Ridao AF. Application of a Methodology for Categorizing and Differentiating Urban Soundscapes Using Acoustical Descriptors and Semantic-Differential Attributes. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 2013;134(1):791-802.

Ozcevik A, Yüksel Can Z. A Laboratory study on Evaluation of Soundscape. Proceedings of the Acoustics 2012; 2012 Apr; Nantes, France.

Suhanek M, Đurek I, Jambrošić K. The Soundscape of Urban Public Places in Zagreb. Proceedings of 1st EAA - EuroRegio 2010; Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Suhanek M, Đurek I. Perception and Evaluation of Sudden Loudness Changes in Urban Soundscapes. Proceedings of the 5th Congress of the Alps Adria Acoustics Association; 2012 Sep 12-14; Petrčane, Croatia.

Guillén JD, López Barrio I. The soundscape experience. Proceedings of 19th International Congress on Acoustics (ICA2007); 2007 Sep 2-7; Madrid, Spain.

Jeon JY, Lee PJ, You J, Kang J. Perceptual Assessment of Quality of Urban Soundscapes with Combined Noise Sources and water Sounds. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America; 2010;127(3):1357-1366.

Kerrick JS, Nagel DC, Bennett RL. Multiple Ratings of Sound Stimuli. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 1969;45(4):1014-1017.

Bjork E. A. The Perceived Quality of Natural Sounds. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 1985;57:185-188. [27] Bujas Z. Introduction to the methods of experimental psychology [in Croatian]. Zagreb: Školska knjiga; 1981.

Milas G. Research Methods in Psychology and other Social Sciences [in Croatian]. Zagreb: Naklada Slap; 2009. p. 91-118; 153-216.

Mejovšek M. Methods of Scientific Research in Social Sciences and Humanities [in Croatian]. Zagreb: Naklada Slap; 2007. p. 71-158.

Zwicker E. Procedure for Calculating Loudness of Temporally Variable Sounds. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 1977;62(3):675-682.

Zwicker E, Fastl H. Psychoacoustics: Facts and models. 2nd ed. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer-Verlag; 1999. p. 220.

Petz B. Basic Statistical Methods for Non-mathematicians [in Croatian]. Zagreb: Naklada Slap; 2004. p. 111-158; 279-296.

Trochim WMK. The T-Test [homepage on the Internet]. 2006. Available from: http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/stat_t.php

Published
2016-10-26
How to Cite
1.
Suhanek M, Đurek I. Implementation of Bipolar Adjective Pairs in Analysis of Urban Acoustic Environments. PROMET [Internet]. 2016Oct.26 [cited 2019Dec.8];28(5):461-70. Available from: http://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/2089
Section
Articles