Wastewater Pollution from Cruise Ships in the Adriatic Sea
The global growth of cruise tourism has brought increasing concern for the pollution of the marine environment. Marine pollution from sanitary wastewater is a problem especially pronounced on large cruise ships where the number of people on board may exceed 8,000. To evaluate future marine pollution in any selected period of time it is necessary to know the movement of ships in the Adriatic Sea. This paper presents the problem of marine pollution by sanitary wastewater from cruise ships, wastewater treatment technology and a model of cruise ship traffic in the Adriatic Sea considering MARPOL Annex IV areas of limited wastewater discharge. Using the model, it is possible to know in advance the routes of the cruisers and retention time in certain geographic areas. The data obtained by this model can be used as input parameters for evaluation model of wastewater pollution or for evaluation of other types of pollution from cruise ships.
Republic of Croatia. Draft strategy for development of tourism until 2020 [in Croatian]. Zagreb: Ministry of tourism; 2013.
Republic of Croatia. Environmental Protection Agency. Report on the environmental situation in the Republic of Croatia [in Croatian]. Zagreb; 2007.
Koboević Ž, Komadina P, Kurtela Ž. Protection of the Seas from Pollution by Vessel’s Sewage with Reference to Legal Regulations. Promet – Traffic & Transportation. 2011;23(5):377-387.
United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Cruise Ship Discharge Assessment Report. Washington, D.C: Environmental Protection Agency, Office of water; 2008.
International Maritime Organization. International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships: Annex IV - Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships; 2003.
International Maritime Organization. Marine Environment Protection Committee. Resolution MEPC.227(64): 2012 Guidelines on Implementation of Effluent Standards and Performance Tests for Sewage Treatment Plants; 2012.
International Maritime Organization. Marine Environment Protection Committee. Resolution MEPC.200(62): Amendments to the Annex of the Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 (Special Area Provisions and the Designation of the Baltic Sea as a Special Area under MARPOL Annex IV); 2011.
International Maritime Organization. Marine Environment Protection Committee. Resolution MEPC.157(55): Recommendation on Standards for the Rate of Discharge of Untreated Sewage from Ships; 2006.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).