Wastewater Pollution from Cruise Ships in the Adriatic Sea

  • Tina Perić University of Split, Faculty of Maritime Studies
  • Pavao Komadina University of Rijeka, Faculty of Maritime Studies
  • Nikola Račić University of Split, Faculty of Maritime Studies
Keywords: cruising tourism, environmental protection, MARPOL Annex IV, sanitary wastewater,

Abstract

The global growth of cruise tourism has brought increasing concern for the pollution of the marine environment. Marine pollution from sanitary wastewater is a problem especially pronounced on large cruise ships where the number of people on board may exceed 8,000. To evaluate future marine pollution in any selected period of time it is necessary to know the movement of ships in the Adriatic Sea. This paper presents the problem of marine pollution by sanitary wastewater from cruise ships, wastewater treatment technology and a model of cruise ship traffic in the Adriatic Sea considering MARPOL Annex IV areas of limited wastewater discharge. Using the model, it is possible to know in advance the routes of the cruisers and retention time in certain geographic areas. The data obtained by this model can be used as input parameters for evaluation model of wastewater pollution or for evaluation of other types of pollution from cruise ships.

Author Biographies

Tina Perić, University of Split, Faculty of Maritime Studies
Marine Engineering Department, Assistent
Pavao Komadina, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Maritime Studies
Nautical Department, professor
Nikola Račić, University of Split, Faculty of Maritime Studies
Marine Engineering Department, professor

References

Republic of Croatia. Draft strategy for development of tourism until 2020 [in Croatian]. Zagreb: Ministry of tourism; 2013.

Republic of Croatia. Environmental Protection Agency. Report on the environmental situation in the Republic of Croatia [in Croatian]. Zagreb; 2007.

Koboević Ž, Komadina P, Kurtela Ž. Protection of the Seas from Pollution by Vessel’s Sewage with Reference to Legal Regulations. Promet – Traffic & Transportation. 2011;23(5):377-387.

United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Cruise Ship Discharge Assessment Report. Washington, D.C: Environmental Protection Agency, Office of water; 2008.

International Maritime Organization. International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships: Annex IV - Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships; 2003.

International Maritime Organization. Marine Environment Protection Committee. Resolution MEPC.227(64): 2012 Guidelines on Implementation of Effluent Standards and Performance Tests for Sewage Treatment Plants; 2012.

International Maritime Organization. Marine Environment Protection Committee. Resolution MEPC.200(62): Amendments to the Annex of the Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 (Special Area Provisions and the Designation of the Baltic Sea as a Special Area under MARPOL Annex IV); 2011.

International Maritime Organization. Marine Environment Protection Committee. Resolution MEPC.157(55): Recommendation on Standards for the Rate of Discharge of Untreated Sewage from Ships; 2006.

Published
2016-08-31
How to Cite
1.
Perić T, Komadina P, Račić N. Wastewater Pollution from Cruise Ships in the Adriatic Sea. Promet - Traffic&Transportation. 2016;28(4):425-33. DOI: 10.7307/ptt.v28i4.2087
Section
Articles