Multi-lane Changing Model with Coupling Driving Intention and Inclination

  • Jiangfeng Wang Beijing Jiaotong University
  • Chang Gao Beijing Jiaotong University
  • Zhouyuan Zhu Beijing Jiaotong University
  • Xuedong Yan Beijing Jiaotong University
Keywords: lane changing model, driver intention, driving inclination, cellular automaton,


Considering the impact of drivers’ psychology and behaviour, a multi-lane changing model coupling driving intention and inclination is proposed by introducing two quantitative indices of intention: strength of lane changing and risk factor. According to the psychological and behavioural characteristics of aggressive drivers and conservative drivers, the safety conditions for lane changing are designed respectively. The numerical simulations show that the proposed model is suitable for describing the traffic flow with frequent lane changing, which is more consistent with the driving behaviour of drivers in China. Compared with symmetric two-lane cellular automata (STCA) model, the proposed model can improve the average speed of vehicles by 1.04% under different traffic demands when aggressive drivers are in a higher proportion (the threshold of risk factor is 0.4). When the risk factor increases, the average speed shows the polarization phenomenon with the average speed slowing down in big traffic demand. The proposed model can reflect the relationship among density, flow, and speed, and the risk factor has a significant impact on density and flow.

Author Biographies

Jiangfeng Wang, Beijing Jiaotong University
Beijing Jiaotong Univesity
Associate Professor

University of Washington
Visiting Scholar

Beijing Jiaotong Univesity
Associate Professor

BeijingUniversity of Aeronautics and Astronautics

BeijingUniversity of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Doctor´s Degree

Jilin University
Master´s Degree

Jilin University
Bachelor´s degree
Chang Gao, Beijing Jiaotong University

Beijing Jiaotong University

Beijing Jiaotong University
Bachelor´s degree

Zhouyuan Zhu, Beijing Jiaotong University

Beijing Jiaotong University

Changsha university of science & technology
Bachelor´s degree

Xuedong Yan, Beijing Jiaotong University
Beijing Jiaotong Univesity


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How to Cite
Wang J, Gao C, Zhu Z, Yan X. Multi-lane Changing Model with Coupling Driving Intention and Inclination. PROMET [Internet]. 2017Apr.25 [cited 2019Sep.20];29(2):185-92. Available from: