Cost Structure in Relation to the Size of Road Transport Enterprises

  • Sebastian Kot Czestochowa Technical University The Management Faculty
Keywords: road transport, costs structure, fuel cost, company size, performance analysis,

Abstract

The problem of cost management in road transport enterprises is one of the most crucial ones for their efficient functioning. The enterprises functioning on the market are very different so it is important to analyse their costs structure in relation to their size. The author provides a discussion on road transport costs identification and problems related to it. The considerations are based on the background of road transport importance in transport services in Poland and chosen European Union countries. Then, the research methodology consisting of elaborated questionnaire and the research sample are defined with special attention to the company size. The author provides research results on the costs structure in road transport enterprises in southern Poland and presents their components and differences. The author noticed the differences in costs structure in relation to the company size with domination of employment costs in micro and small road transport enterprises and costs of fuel in larger companies that result from better resource management.

Author Biography

Sebastian Kot, Czestochowa Technical University The Management Faculty

Sebastian Kot is currently Associate Professor in management and supply chain management and Vice Director of the Institute of Logistics and International Management at Faculty of Management, Czestochowa University of Technology, Czestochowa, Poland. Prof. Sebastian Kot has over 16 years of teaching, research and managerial experience in higher education. He holds a PhD, the Master of Management Science, both from Faculty of Management, Czestochowa University of Technology. He defended his habilitation thesis at the Faculty of Management, University of Prešov in Prešov, Slovakia. Prof. Kot has published widely, and his publications include books, book chapters, refereed journals’ papers, conference proceedings. He is a Founder and Co-editor of Polish Journal of Management Studies. He is a Member of Scientific Boards of the journals: Advanced Logistics Systems; Supply Chain Management Journal; Journal of Applied Management and Investments.

References

May GH. Transport in Europe: where are we going? Foresight. 2005;7(6):24-38.

Banister D, Dreborg K, Hedberg L, Hunhammar S, Steen P, Akerman JA. Transport policy scenarios for the EU: 2020 images of the future. Innovation: The European Journal of So-cial Sciences. 2000;13(1):27-45.

Guenther E, Greschner Farkavcová V. Decision making for transportation systems as a support for sustainable stewardship. Management Research Review. 2010;33(4):317-339.

Forkenbrock DJ. Comparison of external costs of rail and truck freight transportation, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. 2001 May;35(4):321-337.

Dima IC, Man M, Vlăduţescu Ş. The Company’s Logistic Activity in the Conditions of Current Globalisation. Globalization, Education and Management Agendas; 2012. p. 263-294.

Hensher D, Figliozzi MA. Behavioral insights into the modelling of freight transportation and distribution systems. Transportation Research Part B. 2007 Nov;41(9):921-923.

Fleischmann B. Distribution and transport planning. In: Stadtler H, Kilger C, editors. Supply Chain Management and Advanced Planning: Concepts, Models, Software and Case Studies. Berlin: Springer; 2005. p. 229-243.

Neider J. International transport [in Polish]. Warsaw: PWE; 2008.

EU Transport in Figures. Directorate-General for Energy and Transport European Commission; 2014.

Information on the situation in road transport [in Polish]. Polish Ministry of Infrastructure; 2014.

Łacny J. Benchmarking of costs in Polish international road transport enterprises [in Polish]. Logistyka. 2013;2:11-14.

Romanow P. Transport costs in road transport enterprises performance [in Polish]. Logistyka. 2013;2:19-22.

Ślusarczyk B. Transport importance in global trade. Advanced Logistic Systems. 2010;4:186-192.

Grabara, J, Bajdor P, Okwiet B. Center as a Tool for Logistics Activities in Support of the Company on the Example of SME’s Enterprise X. Polish Journal of Management Studies. 2010;2:35-43.

Jakob A, Craig JL, Fisher G. Transport cost analysis: a case study of the total costs of private and public transport in Auckland. Environmental Science & Policy. 2006;9(1):55-66.

Ševrović M, Brčić D, Kos G. Transportation Costs and Subsidy Distribution Model for Urban and Suburban Public Passenger Transport. PROMET – Traffic & Transportation. 2015;27(1):23-33.

Kordnejad B. Intermodal Transport Cost Model and Intermodal Distribution in Urban Freight. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2014;125:358-372.

Janic M. Modelling the full costs of an intermodal and road freight transport network. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 2007;12(1):33-44.

Hanssen TES, Mathisen TA, Jørgensen F. Generalized transport costs in intermodal freight transport. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2012;54:189-200.

Kulović M. Freight Transport Costs Model Based on Truck Fleet Operational Parameters. PROMET – Traffic & Transportation. 2004;16(6):321-325.

Bentkowska-Senator K, Kordel Z, Waśkiewicz J. Small and medium-sized enterprises in road transport. Status – strategy [in Polish]. Warsaw: ITS; 2015.

Tarkowski J, Irestahl B, Lumsden K. Transport – logistics [in Polish]. Poznań: Biblioteka Logistyka; 2005.

Brzeziński S, Ślusarczyk B, Biazik M. Cost Analysis of Using Transport Infrastructure in Chosen Countries of the European Union. In: Lorca P, Popescu C, editors. Recent Researches in Applied Economics and Management. Economic Aspects of Environment, Development, Tourism and Cultural Heritage. Vol. 2. WSEAS Press; 2013.

Hillman KM, Sanden BA. Exploring technology paths: the development of alternative transport fuels in Sweden 2007-2020. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 2008;75:279-302.

McKinnon A, Ge Y, Leuchars D. Analysis of transport efficiency in the UK food supply chain. Edinburgh: Logistics Research Centre, Heriot-Watt University; 2003.

Published
2015-10-28
How to Cite
1.
Kot S. Cost Structure in Relation to the Size of Road Transport Enterprises. PROMET [Internet]. 2015Oct.28 [cited 2019Sep.20];27(5):387-94. Available from: http://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/1687
Section
Articles