Experimental Study of Non-Compatible Collision of Rail and Road Vehicle

  • Hedvika Kovandová Czech Technical University in Prague Faculty of Transportation Sciences Konviktska 20 110 00 Prague 1
  • Robert Válka UVN Military University Hospital Prague U Vojenské nemocnice 1200 169 02 Prague 6
Keywords: tram headstock, headrest, accident, non-compatible crash test, impactor,

Abstract

The paper deals with safety of transport from the point of view of an important social problem, which are accidents at railroad (including tramway) and road level crossings, which means compatibility of rail and road vehicles crash. The scale of such accidents can be very wide. Regarding the statistics and frequency of accidents particularly at railway level crossings and tramway level crossings, a collision simulating the collision of a tram and passenger car was experimentally carried out. The experiment took place at the site of testing laboratory of Rail Vehicles Research Institute in Cerhenice. The experiment was conducted with a passenger car Škoda Superb of the first generation that was exposed to two collisions from both sides. Firstly by the impactor for tram headstock tests and secondly by the tram headstock itself. Both the impactor and the headstock were placed on the experimental vehicle for tests of passive safety of rail vehicles. Various speeds were chosen so that the passenger car could be used for two subsequent experiments without the influence on properties of skeleton´s supporting structure.

Author Biographies

Hedvika Kovandová, Czech Technical University in Prague Faculty of Transportation Sciences Konviktska 20 110 00 Prague 1
K623 Department of Security Technologies and Engineering
Robert Válka, UVN Military University Hospital Prague U Vojenské nemocnice 1200 169 02 Prague 6
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

References

Mík J, Kovanda J, Krejčí J, Levý J. Evaluation of Rollover Unit eCall, Croatian Journal of Education-Hrvatski Casopis za Odgoj i Obrazovanje, 2012;14(1):109-115.

ECE Regulations 95 – Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicle with regard to the protection of the occupants in the event of a lateral collision.

Humplík J, Malkovský Z, Navrátil J. Experimental methods for vehicle bodies stress assessment and calculation model verification. Paper presented at: 50th Annual Conference on Experimental Stress Analysis; 2012 June 4-7; Tábor, Czech Republic.

Chvojan J, Malkovský Z, Kepka M. Strength and fatigue life of bogies: experiences from colculations and tests. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Material and Component Performance under Variable Amplitude Loading; 2009, March 23-26; Darmstadt, Germany; 2009.

Kovandová H. Utility Model No. 21980. Registered by Industrial Property Office; 2011, March 24; Prague, Czech Republic; 2011.

Najzarová H, Andršová M, Kovandová H. Lateral crash analysis – tram front part vs. personal car. NIDays 2012 Conference; 2012, October 25; Prague, Czech Republic; 2012.

National Instruments - NI 9235/9236 Operating instructions and specifications. [Internet] Available from: http://www.ni.com/pdf/manuals/374645a.pdf

Kovanda J, Riva R. Vehicle-Human Interaction. Milano: Edizioni Spiegel; 1999.

Hozman J, Bradáč J, Kovanda J. Neural tissue response to impact - numerical study of wave propagation at level of neural cells. Neural Network World. 2014;157-176. doi:10.14311/NNW.2014.24.012

Zuber N, Bockal Z, Kavran Z. Drivers’ aggressiveness and road traffic safety. 17th International Symposium of the Danube-Adria-Association-for-Automation-and-Manufacturing; 2006, Nov 8-11; Vienna, Austria; 2006.

Rail Safety Inspection Statistics [in Czech] [Internet]. Available from: http://www.dicr.cz/vice-nehod-mene-usmrcenych

Published
2014-12-22
How to Cite
1.
Kovandová H, Válka R. Experimental Study of Non-Compatible Collision of Rail and Road Vehicle. PROMET [Internet]. 2014Dec.22 [cited 2019Sep.20];26(6):459-66. Available from: http://traffic.fpz.hr/index.php/PROMTT/article/view/1354
Section
Articles