The Research of Vehicle Acceleration at Signalized Intersections

  • Vuk Bogdanović
  • Nenad Ruškić
  • Zoran Papić
  • Milan Simeunović
Keywords: vehicle acceleration, signalized intersection, video editing


Vehicle acceleration is an important parameter used in planning various road elements, traffic signalization, geometric elements of an intersection, signal plans of traffic lights, etc. The knowledge of vehicle acceleration values is also necessary in using simulation softwares for more accurate analysis of the total situation at an intersection, on a road section or in a traffic network. In a lot of earlier studies, acceleration values were analysed and defined, mostly in optimal conditions for traffic functioning. However, values of almost all traffic flow parameters have been changed over time, due to changes in driving-dynamic vehicle characteristics, pneumatic tyres, material used for building road surface, etc. Besides, local environment influence and changes in drivers’ behaviour also significantly affect values of this parameter. According to HCM, it is advisable to perform local research for all values of the parameters recommended within the framework of this handbook, and to adapt their values to local conditions as well. The results of measuring the values of vehicles acceleration at signalized intersections in Novi Sad, Serbia, have been shown in this paper, using the procedure based on video recording processing.


A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets (The Green Book) - American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), 2001.

Ahn, K.; Rakha, H.; Trani, A. and Van Aerde, M.: ”Estimating Vehicle Fuel Consumption and Emissions Based on Instantaneous Speed and Acceleration Levels”, Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 128, March/April 2002, pp. 182-190

Akçelik, R. and Biggs, D.C.:“Acceleration Profile Models for Vehicles in Road Traffic”, Transportation Science, Vol. 21, 1987, pp. 36-54

Akçelik, R. and Besley, M.: “Acceleration and deceleration models”, 23rd Conference of Australian Institutes of Transport Research (CAITR 2001), Melbourne: Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, 2001, pp. 1-9

Akçelik, R. and Besley, M.: “Queue discharge characteristics”, 15th International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory, Adelaide, 2002, pp. 1-20

Bogdanović, V.; Papić, Z.; Simeunović, M. and Milić, D.: “Determination of usual vehicle movements at intersections”, Conference - Road accident and prevention, Novi Sad, Faculty of technical sciences, 2000, pp. 1-10

Bogdanović, V.; Simeunović, M. and Leković M.: “Analysis of vehicle regime movements at entrances of intersections”, Conference - Traffic for new milenium, Banja Luka, International centre for motor vehicles, 2007, pp. 117-122

Bonsall, P.; Liu R. and Young W.: “Modelling safety-related driving behaviour - impact of parameter values”, Transportation Research Part A, Vol. 39, 2005, pp. 425-444

Clement, S.; Taylor M. and Yue W. L.: “Simple platoon advancement: a model of automated vehicle movement at signalised intersections”, Transportation Research Part C, Vol. 12, 2004, pp. 293-320

Cvitanić, D.; Breški, D. and Viđak B.: “Review, testing and validation of capacity and delay models at unsignalized intersections”, Promet - Traffic&Transportation, Vol. 19, 2007, No. 2, pp. 71-82

Harwood, D.; Mason, J. and Brydia R.: “Design policies for sight distance at stop-controlled intersections based on gap acceptance”, Transportation Research Part A, Vol. 33, 1999, pp. 199-216

Hegeduš, H.; Ilić, D. and Šala, A.: ”Comparison of measurement methods for vehicle acceleration” XVIII IMEKO WORLD CONGRESS - Metrology for a Sustainable Development, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2006, pp. 1-5

Highway Capacity Manual (HCM 2000) - Transportation Research Board, 2000

Hu, W. and Donnell, E.: “Models of acceleration and deceleration rates on a complex two-lane rural highway: Results from a nighttime driving experiment”, Transportation Research Part F, Vol. 13, 2010, pp. 397-408

Ištoka Otković, I. and Dadić, I.: “Comparison of delays at signal-controlled intersection and roundabout”, Promet - Traffic&Transportation, Vol. 21, 2009, No. 3, 157-165

Ko, J.; Guensler, R. and Hunter, M.: “Analysis of effects of driver/vehicle characteristics on acceleration noise using GPS-equipped vehicles”, Transportation Research Part F, Vol. 13, 2010, pp. 21-31

Long, G.: “Acceleration Characteristics of Starting Vehicles”, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Vol. 1737, 2000, pp. 58-70

Maini, P. and Khan, S.: “Discharge Characteristics of Heterogeneous Traffic at Signalized Intersections”, Transportation Research Circular E-C018: 4th International Symposium on Highway Capacity, 2000, 258-270

Rakha, H.; Lucic, I.; Demarchi, S.H.; Setti, J.R.; Aerde, M.V.: “Vehicle dynamics model for predicting maximum truck acceleration levels”, Journal of Transportation Engineering, Vol. 1, 2001, pp. 418–425

Rakha, H.; Snare, M. and Dion, F.: “Vehicle Dynamics Model for Estimating Maximum Light Duty Vehicle Acceleration Levels”, Transportation Research Record, Vol. 1883, 2004, pp. 40-49

Sato, T. and Akamatsu, M.: “Influence of traffic conditions on driver behavior before making a right turn at an intersection: Analysis of driver behavior based on measured data on an actual road”, Transportation Research Part F, Vol. 10, 2007, pp. 397-413

Stat Soft -

Traffic Signal Timing manual - Washington D.C.: Institute of Transportation Engineers, 2009

Viti, F.; Hoogendoorn, S.P.; van Zuylen, H.J.; Wilmink, I.R.; van Arem, B.: ”Speed and acceleration distributions at a traffic signal analyzed from microscopic real and simulated data”, 11th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems. – Beijing, IEEE, 2008, pp. 651-656

Wang, J.; Dixon, K.; Li, H. and Ogle, J.: “Normal Acceleration Behavior of Passenger Vehicles Starting from Rest at All-Way Stop-Controlled Intersections”, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Vol. 1883, 2004, pp. 158-166

How to Cite
Bogdanović V, Ruškić N, Papić Z, Simeunović M. The Research of Vehicle Acceleration at Signalized Intersections. PROMET [Internet]. 1 [cited 2019Dec.15];25(1):33-2. Available from: