Increasing the Efficiency of Railway Transport by Improvement of Suspension of Freight Wagons
AbstractRailway transport has a very important role in economy of every country. The efficiency of railway transport depends both on the quality of transport organization and on the technical reliability of the railway rolling stock. During operation of the railway freight wagons in the last years, a large number of breaks of suspension system elements have been noticed. This feature is especially reported at four-axle double wagon for coal transport (designated Fbd) and three-axle wagon for transport of cars (designated DDam). Frequent breaks of suspension system elements reduce the efficiency of transport and in some cases cause derailment of wagons and lead to large economic losses. In this paper, the causes of breakage of suspension on both wagons (Fbd and DDam) have been analyzed, but also the possibilities of how to resolve these problems, i.e. how to reduce them to a minimum or avoid them completely.
Evans, Andrew W.: Fatal train accidents on Europe’s railways: 1980–2009, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 43, 2011, pp. 391–401
Brambilla, S., Manca, D.: The Viareggio LPG railway accident: event reconstruction and modeling, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 182, 2010, pp. 346–357
Santos-Reyesa, J., Beardb, A.N.: A systemic analysis of the Edge Hill railway accident, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 41, 2009, pp. 1133–1144
Report 21/2006, Rail Accident Report about Wagon derailment at York station 18 January 2006, Rail Accident Investigation Branch RAIB, Department for Transport, 2006
mInvestigation Report 2011-R002, Secondary suspension failure on a train at Connolly Station, Railway Accident Investigation Unit RAIU, 2010
Report No: BA000777/02, Assessment of freight train derailment risk reduction measures, European Railway Agency, 2011
The Railway Safety Directive 2004/49/EC, 2004
The Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003, 2003
The Railways (Accident Investigation and Reporting) Regulations 2005, 2005
Orvnäs, A.: Active Secondary Suspension in Trains, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, 2008
Li, P., Goodall, R., Weston, P., Seng Ling, C., Goodman C., Roberts C.: Estimation of railway vehicle suspension parameters for condition monitoring, Control Engineering Practice, 15, 2007, pp. 43–55
Luo, R. K., Mortel, W. J., Wu, X. P.: Fatigue failure investigation on anti-vibration springs, Engineering Failure Analysis, 16, 2009, pp. 1366–1378
Lucanin, V., Simic, G., Milkovic, D., Cupric, N., Golubovic, S.: Calculated and experimental analysis of cause of the appearance of cracks in the running bogie frame of diesel multiple units of Serbian railways, Engineering Failure Analysis, 17, 2010, pp. 236–248
Tsunashima, H., Hayashi, Y., Mori, H., Marumo, Y.: Condition Monitoring and Fault Detection of Railway Vehicle Suspension using Multiple-Model Approach, Proceedings of the 17th World Congress, The International Federation of Automatic Control, Seoul, Korea, July 2008
Kumbhalkar, M. A., Yenarkar, Y. L., Grover, A. K.: Failure Analysis of Inner Suspension Spring of Railway Engine: A Case Study, Proc. of Int. Conf. on Advances in Robotic, Mechanical Engineering and Design, 2011
Huichuan Fan, Xiukun Wei, Limin Jia, Yong Qin.: Fault detection of railway vehicle suspension systems, Computer Science and Education (ICCSE), 5th International Conference on, 2010, pp. 1264–1269
Xiukun Wei, Hai Liu, Yong Qin.: Fault diagnosis of Rail Vehicle Suspension Systems by using GLRT, Control and Decision Conference (CCDC), Chinese, 2011, pp. 1932 - 1936
Luo, R. K., Wu, W. X.: Fatigue failure analysis of anti-vibration rubber spring, Engineering Failure Analysis, 13, 2006, pp. 110–116
Luo, R. K., Wu, W. X., Mortel, W. J.: Effect of loading environment on rubber bolster springs used in railway vehicle bogies, Plastics, Rubber and Composites Processing and Applications, Volume 29, Issue 2, 2000, pp. 88-91
Petrović, D., Bižić, M.: Improvement of suspension system of Fbd wagons for coal transportation, Engineering Failure Analysis, 25, 2012, pp. 89–96
Study 4/95: Ispitivanje uvojne krutosti, mirnoce hoda, stabilnosti kretanja i dinamicke cvrstoce elemenata sistema ogibljenja DDam vagona, Masinski fakultet Kraljevo, 1995
Study 67/83: Identifikacija uzroka lomova glavnih listova gibnjeva na Fbd vagonu, Fabrika vagona Kraljevo, Opitni centar, 1983
Study 1/93: Komparativno ispitivanje zavarenih i nezavarenih gibnjeva, Mašinski fakultet Kraljevo, 1993
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).